Otoe-Missouria - English


r


ra1rahinterrogative variantre2imperative/interrogative variantre2plural variantre2
ra2rahverbisMąngri Toraproper nounBlue Sky AboveThe Sky Above Is Blue
ra-1rahverbpfx1youRihų inų ragri je?Did you come home with your mother?Dagure ra'ų je?What are you doing?Dagure raji ragųnsda?What do you want to eat?Mayą akiwaðą ra'ų ke.You made all things.ere'iSecond-Person Singular (you)e'iere'iwiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)e'iragi-verb > ???pfx1yoursynregra- 1unspec. comp. form ofre- 1gra- 1regru- 1unspec. comp. form ofre- 12thysynregra- 2unspec. comp. form ofre- 1gra- 1regru- 2unspec. comp. form ofre- 13thinesynregra- 3unspec. comp. form ofre- 1gra- 1regru- 3unspec. comp. form ofre- 1rahuSecond-Person Singular (you)hu2rahuwiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)hu2intransitive verbyou-all comeranyihąuragweSecond-Person Singular (you)ugwewere'iSecond-Person Singular to Third-Person Plural (you to them)e'i2thouSecond-Person Singular (you)ratųfree variantda-1ða-1Second-Person Singular (you)ratųwaragisdusdą reraverbyou forgive themwaragisdusdą rerawiverbyou-all forgive themwawaragisdusdą reraverbyou forgive uswawaragisdusdą rerawiverbyou-all forgive usworayugeverbyou join themyou follow themwowarayugeverbyou join usyou follow usaranayįSecond-Person Singular (you)anayįverb1you stand on2you tread on3you stand by someone elsearasdaSecond-Person Singular (you)adawarasdaarasdawiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)adairarawiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)ire1verbyou-all thinkirareSecond-Person Singular (you)ire1verb1you think2you hopera'ųSecond-Person Singular (you)ra'ųwiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)radąseSecond-Person Singular (you)dąheverb1you are (while in a standing position)2you were (while in a standing position)sų radąseragisdusdą reraragisdusdą rerawiragriverbyou come homeRihų inų ragri je?Did you come home with your mother?rahisdaSecond-Person Singular (you)hiraverbyou batherahisjeSecond-Person Singular (you)hijerahisjewiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)hijeraminąSecond-Person Singular (you)minąverb1you sit2you liveTąnda raminą?Where do you live?ranąheverbyou are (while moving)sų ranąheranatheSecond-Person Singular (you)anatheverb1you close (door or gate)2you fasten (door or gate)3you secure a field by fastening a gate4you impede the advance or retreat of someone or something5you check the advance or retreat of someone or something6you cut off the advance or retreat of someone or somethingrareverbyou arere'ąSecond-Person Singular (you)gi'ąurayugeSecond-Person Singular (you)uyugewaragųnðeSecond-Person Singular (you)wagųnðe
ra-2rahverbpfx1It is prefixed to a large class of verbs and verbal roots, and signifies that the action is done with the mouth, lips, teeth, or tongue - by biting, talking, etc.2It is prefixed to adjectives, and sometimes to nouns, changing them into verbs signifying "to speak of as such," or "to make so with the mouth"3It is prefixed to a large class of verbs and verbal roots, and shows that the action is done with the mouth, lips, teeth, or tongue, by biting, eating, sucking, talking, singing, crying, reading, etc.4by means of the mouth (biting, speaking, etc.)5by means of the mouth and/or teeth6by means of the mouth, lips, teeth, or tongue, by biting, talking, etc.7speak of as such8make so with the mouth9cause with the mouthfree variantða-2aradątransitive verbbite hard on (once)pull a cord with the teetharathrujetransitive verbpress water out of an object and upon anything, with the moutharaxųverbspill water when drinking, by tipping the cup or bowlho rathuingeverbsing in a fine voicesing with a fine voiceirathewaratransitive verbsoil or deface anything with the moutheat anything in the dirtsoil around the mouththanyigeta ratątransitive verbmake a movable object lean by biting or pulling with the teethurax'ojetransitive verbgnaw a hole inwarapisji skunyiverbspeak incorrectly, as from inability or from ignoranceagirathųnjetransitive verbmake two objects adhere, for the benefit of another, by pressing them together between the lips or teetharax'etransitive verb1peel off the skin, as of fruit, with the teeth2peel off the skin, as of a fruit, with the teethra'akirathgawetransitive verbmake two objects stick together by pressing them together with the teethantrakiruką 1unspec. comp. form ofra-2kirukąra'akirathgathgawetransitive verb1make several objects stick together by pressing on them with the teeth, etc.2press together with the mouth, and make the two objects stick together - the opposite of rakirukąra'akirathgathgawetransitive verb1make several objects stick together by pressing on them with the teeth, etc.2press together with the mouth, and make the two objects stick together - the opposite of rakirukąra'akiwatagetransitive verb1make two objects stick together by pressing them together with the teethantrakiruką 1unspec. comp. form ofra-2kiruką2press together with the mouth, and make two objects stick together - the opposite of rakirukąra'asgefree variant ofra'asgira'asgitransitive verb1speak of an object as near, when it is really distant2speak of a person or place as nearra'axetransitive verbmake a single grating sound, as a rat does by biting against any piece of wood or thin metalra'eðeverb1devour2consumera'etatransitive verb1exaggerate2speak of a thing as beyond its real value or as possessing qualities of which it is deficient3speak of a thing as beyond its real value, etc.4say that a horse is swifter than it really isra'įverb1succeed in biting, drinking, singing, etc.2succeed in talking, eating, biting, etc.ho ra'į skunyira'į skunyiverbunsuccessful in eating, drinking, talking, biting, etc.ra'į skunyiverbunsuccessful in eating, drinking, talking, biting, etc.ra'i'shatransitive verbmake one laugh by talking to themra'idąndątransitive verb1tell a different thing2vary a story in telling it again3make a story different in narrating itIch'e isda'idąndasji ke.You tell very different words.ra'idąndąnąnąngetransitive verbvary the story or speak different words each time that one talksra'idąndąnąnąngetransitive verbvary the story or speak different words each time that one talksra'ik'shafree variant ofra'i'shara'ikirubrątransitive verb1tangle with the mouth or tongue, as in cross-examining a witness2entangle with the tongue, as in cross-eamining3tangle with the teethrabrąverb1give of odor from the mouth2have bad breath, as after eating onions or smokingrabraðeverb1tear with the mouth2tear clothing by biting, as a dog may dorabrathgeverb1flatten by biting, etc.2flatten an object by biting itrabrutransitive verb1make fine by chewing2bite into small pieces, mixing them with dust, etc. - said of a rat, when he chews wood, paper, etc., in his nextrabrųxeverb1crunch (sound) with the mouth2crunch food in the mouth3eat something crunchy4make a crunching sound once by gnawing5make a crunching sound, as a horse, dog, etc., does in eatingrabrųmbrųxeverb1crunch, crush, grind, champ, or make a noise with the teeth, as in eating2gnaw a bone, as a dog does3make frequent crunching sounds, as in eating, or as a dog does in gnawing a bonerabrųmbrųxeverb1crunch, crush, grind, champ, or make a noise with the teeth, as in eating2gnaw a bone, as a dog does3make frequent crunching sounds, as in eating, or as a dog does in gnawing a bonerabuðetransitive verb1drink a spring dry, as many persons or animals could do2chew tobacco, etc., until all the juice is out of itrach'įndatransitive verb1call aloud to another2halloo3bite hard onrach'įnch'įndatransitive verb1pull hard on, as a child does in sucking the breast2pull hard on a fishing line, drawing off by degrees - said of a strong fish that breaks awayrach'įnch'įndatransitive verb1pull hard on, as a child does in sucking the breast2pull hard on a fishing line, drawing off by degrees - said of a strong fish that breaks awayrachax'etransitive verb1make a smacking sound with the mouth, as in eating2smack the lipsrachegetransitive verb1tell again old intelligence, after a long time, as something new2tell again old intelligence, after some time, as newsradach'egetransitive verbmake vegetation wither away by biting around the roots, as rabbits doradadayeverbchatter (teeth)radaningetransitive verbmake crazy or furious by talking or bitingkigradaningeradąnratransitive verb1make great with the mouth2speak of one as great or honorable3honor or praise one4speak of a thing as better than it really is5speak of a thing as beyond its real value, etc.6say that a horse is swifter than it really is7exaggeratekigradąnraraðawetransitive verbtake a stick into the mouth, and bite off a strip or splinter of the woodradayeverb1clearing one's throat2hawk (noisily clear one's throat)raðigetransitive verbstretch by biting and pulling with the teeth
raðige 1stretch by biting and pulling with the teeth
raðige 2make a pipe, not one's own, show the fire by smoking it
raðiwetransitive verbbite an object on the very edgeraðojeverbmake an accidental whistling sound when talkingradoketransitive verbmoisten with the mouth, as a postage stampradoweverb1chew2chew fine3grind with the teeth4masticateiro radoweradoxeverb1shiver with the teeth2crush, as a dog does bones3break a grain of corn by biting4make a hazelnut sound by cracking it between the teethradoyeverb1break a long object with the mouth2break with the teethragiðeverb1make a grating or creaking noise with the teeth2make a grating noise with the teeth3gnash the teethragojeverb1dig up with the mouth2make a tooth hollow by eating, causing it to ache3make a curvilinear indentation on the surface of an objectragrąnjeverbwear away the teethragrijetransitive verb1make an object slippery with the mouth as dogs and cats do meat which they are eating2make "grije," or slippery with the mouth, as dogs and cats do meat which they are eating3make deer sinew wet again by passing through the mouthragrųnjetransitive verb1bite off, as a stick2bite the tongue, as some hot or freezing objectraguyetransitive verb1bend an object forward with the teeth2bend a little, as a fish hook, by bitingragwaverbpick off with the mouthrahari dąnratransitive verb1speak of any object as distant2speak of any thing as distantrahegetransitive verb1hurt a little with the teeth2hurt an object a little with the mouth, or teethrahege skunyitransitive verb1bite deep, and hurt very muchHįnrahege skunyisji nų'asgų.Had he bitten me, he surely would not have hurt me a little, but he would have almost killed me.2speak very loudrahege skunyisjiverb1bite deep, as a dog does2speak, sing, or cry aloudrahege skunyisjiverb1bite deep, as a dog does2speak, sing, or cry aloudrahege skunyitransitive verb1bite deep, and hurt very muchHįnrahege skunyisji nų'asgų.Had he bitten me, he surely would not have hurt me a little, but he would have almost killed me.2speak very loudrahege skunyisjiverb1bite deep, as a dog does2speak, sing, or cry aloudrahege skunyisjiverb1bite deep, as a dog does2speak, sing, or cry aloudrahotaverb1depreciate2underraterahotąfree variant ofrahotųrahotųtransitive verb1make roar or cry out by biting, etc.2play on a harmonicon by inhalingrahuðetransitive verb1make an object move by biting, or by taking in the mouth, as a horse may do2make an object move by biting or taking it in the mouth, as a horse might do3shake an object slowly once by bitingrahuhuðetransitive verb1shake with the mouth2make one stagger by biting, etc.3talk or sing in a quavering voice4shake an object with the mouth5shake the earth by yelling6shake, as the earth by yelling, as mischinge did when he frightened the grasshoppersrahuhuðetransitive verb1shake with the mouth2make one stagger by biting, etc.3talk or sing in a quavering voice4shake an object with the mouth5shake the earth by yelling6shake, as the earth by yelling, as mischinge did when he frightened the grasshoppersrakąngatransitive verb1scold2scold one who seldom deserves itrakexe1transitive verb1bite a line on a smooth surface2bite a long line on - the opposite of rasgojerakexe2verb1speak rapidly, as when scolding2speak first in a low tone, then louder and faster until one shouts or halloos3speak slowly, or in a low tone, at first, then louder and faster until it becomes "rajįnda"4chew gum a long time until it becomes hardrakįnjetransitive verb1draw the deer sinew through the teeth, when it becomes hard2draw the sinew through the teeth when it is hardrakirukąverb1separate by bitingantra'akirathgaweunspec. comp. form ofra-2ki-arathgawera'akiwatage 1unspec. comp. form ofra-2akiwatage2separate two things by biting or talking3divide an object into two partsrakiweshatransitive verb1turn the edge of a small object by biting2turn the edge of any small object by biting until the ends almost meetrakogeverb1said of the sound made by a person crying, or by an old horse or cow eating2said of the sound made by one crying, or by an old horse or cow eatingrakokogeverb1make a rattling with the teeth - said of a rat when gnawing wood2chatter with the teeth, as when one is very coldrakokogeverb1make a rattling with the teeth - said of a rat when gnawing wood2chatter with the teeth, as when one is very coldranąngwetransitive verb1make one fear a seen object or person, by talking to them about it2astonish, amaze, or scare one by talking or shoutingranąngwewahitransitive verbspeak of an object or a person in sight as dangerousraningetransitive verb1stop reading, because there is no more to be read2say all that can be said3tell all the news, leaving none to be told4suck a stick of candy, etc., until all is gonerap'ąnjetransitive verbshake an object slowly once, by holding between the teeth, etc.rap'ąmp'ąnjetransitive verb1shake an object slowly more than once, by holding between the teeth, etc.2said of a fish that bites a hook, shaking the line up and downrap'ąmp'ąnjetransitive verb1shake an object slowly more than once, by holding between the teeth, etc.2said of a fish that bites a hook, shaking the line up and downrap'overb1smoke2let smoke escape from the mouth while smoking a pipesynrasojeunspec. comp. form ofra-2soje3let smoke escape from the mouth when smoking a pipe4make steam with the mouth, as in breathing cold airranyi rap'orap'op'oyetransitive verbchew a stick into shreds or sliversrap'osgetransitive verbdistend the mouth by taking into it food or drinkrapaðetransitive verb1catch by the hair in the mouth2bite, as a dog does, getting the hair of the head out of order and hanging down over the foreheadrapahįtransitive verbbite until sharprapahį skunyitransitive verb1make blunt by chewing - this may be said of the teeth, or of any object chewed2make dull, as the teeth, by biting a bard objectrapiverb1speak a language well2speak well, as an oratorrapi skunyiverb1speak a language incorrectly2pronounce a word or phrase incorrectly3speak evil of onewegrapi skunyirapi skunyiverb1speak a language incorrectly2pronounce a word or phrase incorrectly3speak evil of onewegrapi skunyirariguyetransitive verbbend a little, as a fish hook, by bitingrarisdoyetransitive verbbend an object much by bitingrarotątransitive verb1straighten, as an arrow, with the teeth2speak straight or accuratelyraruyetransitive verb1overturn a vessel with the mouth, spilling its contents2talk unintelligiblyras'ogetransitive verbbite and raise a lump - said of persons and horsesrasdą1transitive verb1finish, quit, or cease speaking, eating, drinking, reading, singing, crying, etc.Waaji hadasdąnda, china waaje hnye ke/ki.When I finish eating, I will go to town.Ich'e rasdąngi miną ke/ki.After he/she had spoken, he/she sat down.2finish speakingrasdą2transitive verb1miss or let slip, as in taking any object into the mouth2blunder in reading, speaking, or singing3miss some words4unable to pronounce somerasdą3transitive verbrip a garment by catching it in the teethrasdajetransitive verb1pick up food rapidly by mouthfuls, as a hen does corn or oats2pick up small quantities of food rapidly and put them in the mouthrasdaje rehitransitive verbsaid of any hard object that one has been biting, as a hazelnut, which slips from between the teeth, and goes to some distance before fallingrasdaje rehitransitive verbsaid of any hard object that one has been biting, as a hazelnut, which slips from between the teeth, and goes to some distance before fallingrasdąnratransitive verb1miss or let slip, as in taking any object into the mouth2blunder in reading, speaking, or singing3miss some words4unable to pronounce someich'e rasdąnrarasdąnrahitransitive verbcause one, not a relation, to "rasdąnra"rasdąnrahitransitive verbcause one, not a relation, to "rasdąnra"rasdąsdątransitive verbmake bullets round by chewing - refers to bullets that have been flattened by shootingrasdojetransitive verbpull out a splinter or small nail with the teethrasdujetransitive verbmake warm by putting in the mouth, as the fingers, when coldrasdungetransitive verbmake a lariat (before plaiting) soft by sucking or bitingrasduyetransitive verbmake a post, tree, etc., lean by bitting it at the bottomrasetransitive verbpull off, as a wooden cover, with the teethrasenątransitive verb1stop reading, because there is no more to be read2tell all the news, leaving none to be told by othersWorage hadaseną ke.I have told all the news.3tell all the news, leaving none to be told4say all that can be said5suck a piece of candy until all is gone6suck a stick of candy, etc., until all is goneich'e rasenąrasgetransitive verbuntie a knot of a cord in the mouthrasgewetransitive verbbite grooves in the ground, as at salt licks, in order to get at the salt - said of the animalsrasgojetransitive verbbite a hollow or indentation in woodrasgutransitive verbpick off, as birds do berriesrash'ageverb1fail in eating, drinking, biting, talking, singing, etc.2fail to finish with the mouth3not to finish eating, drinking, speaking, talking, singing, etc.rashax'everbtalk a language in a broken wayrashdujetransitive verb1swallow without chewing2bolt down, as food, without chewing3bolt down food without chewing itrashetransitive verb1take any small object into the mouth, and tear apart2refute or demolish an argumentrashegefree variant ofrashigerashgigeverbchewranyi rashgigerashitransitive verbpull an object over on itself with the teethrashigetransitive verbspeak of another's property as bad, when it is not sorashishatransitive verbbite an object full of holesrashishitransitive verbbite an object full of holesrashiwetransitive verbsaid of a rat, etc., that opens a box, etc., by bitingrashiyetransitive verbturn the edge of any small object by biting until the ends almost meetrashishiyetransitive verbturn a string over and over in the mouthrashishiyetransitive verbturn a string over and over in the mouthrashųtransitive verb1turn over an object with the mouth2pull out by the roots with the teeth3loosen a tooth by pulling or biting something hardrashųshųnratransitive verbshake back and forth while holding between the teeth, so as to loosen the objectrasojeverblet smoke escape from the mouth when smoking a pipesynrap'o 2unspec. comp. form ofra-2rasujetransitive verbmake red by bitingrasweverb1bite off2bite off a piece from the surface of an objectSexąnje hadaswe ke.I bit a piece out of the apple.raswaswatransitive verb1bite to pieces2bite off piece after piece from the outside of an objectraswehitransitive verbcause another, not a relation, to bite out a piece, etc.raswaswatransitive verb1bite to pieces2bite off piece after piece from the outside of an objectraswehitransitive verbcause another, not a relation, to bite out a piece, etc.raswisjeverb1shorten one's remarks2say but a few wordsrat'ątransitive verbtouch or feel an object with the mouth, lips, tongue or teethrat'ąnt'ątransitive verbtouch or feel an object often with the mouth, lips, tongue, or teethrat'ąnt'ątransitive verbtouch or feel an object often with the mouth, lips, tongue, or teethrat'oyetransitive verb1bite off the end of a stick2break, as a stick by biting, but not entirely in tworatą'įtransitive verb1make manifest with the mouth2speak plainly about any thing3declare4make appear by bitingratąngeverb1praise2say something in praise of one3honor with the mouthgratąngerathabedaverbmake someone wise, intelligent, by constantly talking to themrathadatransitive verbstraighten again with the teeth (by pulling)rathagetransitive verbbite to death - said of dogs, wolves, coyotes, etc., as when one dog bites another, or kills deer, sheep, etc.rathąnjetransitive verbshake an object rapidly once by taking it between the teethrathąnthąnjetransitive verbmake a fishing line shake back and forth rapidly, as a fish does when it bites, and plunges right and left instead of pulling downwardrathąnthąnjetransitive verbmake a fishing line shake back and forth rapidly, as a fish does when it bites, and plunges right and left instead of pulling downwardrathanyigetransitive verbmake a movable object lean by biting or pulling with the teethhi rawe rathathanyigerathdowetransitive verbdraw an arrow through the mouth, to get the ruffled feather end in orderrathgątransitive verbcause to melt in the mouth, as ice, candy, etc.rathgathgaweverbchew, as taffy, until it sticks to the teethrathgewetransitive verbdraw the teeth over wood or grease, leaving the marks of the teethrathgojeverbleave an impression in flesh from biting, as a child might dorathgoweverb1leave the mark of the teeth after biting2leave the mark of the lips after suckingrathregetransitive verbgash the skin by biting - said of a horse, dog, or hograthrethregetransitive verbtear into shreds with the teethrathrethregetransitive verbtear into shreds with the teethrathrejetransitive verb1make a long story out of a few words heard from another2amplifyrathrohątransitive verbdrag meat, etc., along with the teeth - said of a dog, etc.rathrokatransitive verbbite a thimble into shape again, when it has been flattenedrathrujetransitive verbsaid of a long object lying under another, if a dog, cow, or horse tries to draw it out with the mouthrathutransitive verb1lick clean, as a dog does a plate2suck off, as women used to do the porcupine quills, putting them into the mouths to prepare them for workingratugwaraverbnibble off, to make small holes in, as mice do in furs, thereby spoiling themrawą'shigetransitive verbtalk as if someone was a great person, although they are poor, etc. - used in ridiculerawagiyetransitive verbbend an object much by bitingrawąngaratransitive verbthrow down with the mouth, as beavers do treesrawąngara rehitransitive verbthrow down suddenly by bitingrawąngara rehitransitive verbthrow down suddenly by bitingrawaruthįtransitive verbmake an animal cross or surly by talking, shouting, or bitingrawasosetransitive verb1speak of a man as brave or generous2make someone brave or generous by talking to themrawąx'shigefree variant ofrawą'shigerawaxwanyi womąnketransitive verb1make unsteady by biting or shaking with the mouth2shake another's decision or make them faint-hearted, by talking to themrawayį pi skunyiverbmake someone surly, bad-humored, by talking to them, laughing at them, etc.rawe3verb1bite2bite, as a fish does a hook3bite, as fish do a hook4take an object in the mouth, as a pipe for smoking5take in the mouth, as a dog does a bone6hold in the mouth, as a dog does a bone7holderhi rawehi rawe rathathanyigemąnð'irawiirawi1verbbite with mouthirawi1verbbite with mouthrawixątransitive verbsaid if a horse should take the end of a bag, containing corn, wheat, etc., in its mouth, scattering the grain here and thererawįxetransitive verbturn over a large object with the mouthwirugrą rawįxerawogaðoverbspeak accurately, correctly, honestlysynwogaðo eunspec. comp. form ofwogaðoe2rawojetransitive verbchew into small pieces that fall from the wood (making a litter)rawomąnketransitive verbpromise to do something for another, saying that it is easy (when it is often difficult)rawutransitive verbcause to swell by bitingrawuðefree variant ofrabuðerax'awetransitive verb1bite or gnaw a notch in wood, etc.2gnaw a notch in wood, as a beaver doesrax'ax'awetransitive verb1bite notches in, as a beaver does in a tree2bite pieces out all around an object3make notches in, by biting, as when a beaver gnaws a treerax'ax'awetransitive verb1bite notches in, as a beaver does in a tree2bite pieces out all around an object3make notches in, by biting, as when a beaver gnaws a treerax'axetransitive verb1make a single grating sound, as a rat does by biting against any piece of wood or thin metal2make a grating sound, as when rats gnaw some thin metallic substancerax'eðeverbeat uprax'exetransitive verb1make a single grating sound, as a rat does by biting against any piece of wood or thin metal2make a grating sound, as when rats gnaw some thin metallic substancerax'ex'exeverbmake a grating noise by gnawing, as a rat doesrax'ex'exeverbmake a grating noise by gnawing, as a rat doesrax'igeverbhave a flow of saliva in the mouthi wabage rax'igerax'ix'iverb1itch2scratch back and forth with the teeth, as a horse doesraxadątransitive verbmake stand up by biting, as horses do the grass when they grazeraxagetransitive verbmake one cry by biting them or by talking to themraxąnjetransitive verbspeak of seeing a great many animals, or of a very swift horse, or of a man as having an abundance of property - used when there is really an abundanceho raxąnjeraxąnragetransitive verb1make grunt by biting2make one grunt by bitingraxąnyefree variant ofraxąnjeho raxąnyeraxawetransitive verb1bite off the skin of an animal2pull it off with the teeth3bite off, as the skin from an animalraxetransitive verb1pull off a blanket, etc., as a dog or horse may do, to get at the food, etc., that is underneath2pull off a blanket with the teeth, as a horse or dog will do, to get food that is beneath3suck out or openraxegetransitive verbmake young trees, etc., dry, as rabbits do when they gnaw them at the roots in winterraxethefree variant ofraxethiraxethitransitive verb1swallow, as food2have swallowed3finish eating or drinkingraxewetransitive verb1drink up, as water2make shallow, as a pool, by drinkingraxigetransitive verbawaken one by calling or shouting to themraxige rehitransitive verbawaken one suddenly by calling or shouting to themraxige rehitransitive verbawaken one suddenly by calling or shouting to themraxįngeverb1snuffle2blow the noseraxiwetransitive verb1have a rattling in the throat2rattle in the throat3speak in a whispering voice4choke by biting at the throat, as one dog does another, when fightingraxixetransitive verb1speak of an object as surprising, or supernatural2rate it highly3speak of anything as wonderful, surprising, extraordinaryraxixewahitransitive verb1speak of as wonderful2magnify or praise3something worthy of praiseraxixewahitransitive verb1speak of as wonderful2magnify or praise3something worthy of praiseraxoge1transitive verbmake a mark with the teeth2transitive verbbite into3transitive verbcrush with the teeth4transitive verbcrush once with the teeth5verbbite the nails6verbcrack small nuts by biting7verbdraw in with the breath8verbinhale, as cold air, dust, etc.nąwe sage raxogenyi raxogepaxri raxogeraxoxogetransitive verb1crush repeatedly with the teeth2crack to pieces with the mouthraxoxogetransitive verb1crush repeatedly with the teeth2crack to pieces with the mouthraxojeverbsuckuraxojeraxoweverb1sip2suck up3sip, or suck up, as soup4make a noise with the mouth, as in eating soup, etc.5make a noise with the mouth, as in eating liquidsraxowe rahdątransitive verbsip, as waterraxowe rahdątransitive verbsip, as waterraxox'everb1make the sound heard when paper or calico is torn by the teeth2suck up the affected part, as Indian doctors do, making a sucking soundraxoxeunspec. var. ofraxogeraxrashetransitive verbmake cry or shriek by bitingraxraxrashethgeverbtalk in a quavering voiceraxraxrashethgeverbtalk in a quavering voiceraxrąyeverb1make the sound heard when one crunches crackers, etc., in the mouth2bite through, as a piece of meat, and hit the teeth against something solid, as a bone or skewer concealed in the meatraxriverb1gnaw, as a dog does a bone, making a noise with the mouth2gnaw a boneraxri skunyiverbeat food quietly, not making any noiseraxri skunyiverbeat food quietly, not making any noiseraxringetransitive verbmake snarl by biting or talking - said of dogsraxriweverb1make xriwe by eating, as a melon2whatsoever is penetrated suddenly by biting, and is eaten with the juice dripping from it, as a watermelon, is described thus3eat juicy food4make fruit, etc., juicy by eating itraxrįyeverbsmoke a pipe, sending small sparks outraxrogetransitive verb1pierce, as the flesh, with the teeth2bite a hole through an objectraxroxroge1transitive verbsaid if one drops water, etc., on iron, which rusts here and there, until holes are eaten in the iron2transitive verbsaid if one drops water on iron, which rusts here and there, until holes are eaten in it3transitive verbif one becomes "pitted" after an attack of smallpox4verbif one has smallpox, and the pustules sink in the middle, making one pittedraxroxroge1transitive verbsaid if one drops water, etc., on iron, which rusts here and there, until holes are eaten in the iron2transitive verbsaid if one drops water on iron, which rusts here and there, until holes are eaten in it3transitive verbif one becomes "pitted" after an attack of smallpox4verbif one has smallpox, and the pustules sink in the middle, making one pittedraxrojetransitive verb1pull off skin or bark with the teeth2pull or draw out with the teethraxųtransitive verb1overturn a cup, etc., suddenly while drinking from it (implying the spilling of the contents)2spill water from the mouth in one spotraxwajigesjitransitive verbmake the mother thin by sucking too long, as in the case when the young is not weaned soon enoughraxwegetransitive verb1enfeeble by biting, as one dog does another2wear out a person by talking too much to themraxwųtransitive verbsoften with the mouth, as something frozenray'agefree variant ofrash'agerayątransitive verb1make one sleepy by talking2talk one to sleeprayagetransitive verbcause a branch, blade, or ear of corn to break and hang down, instead of remaining as at first - said of a cow, etc., biting at an ear or blade on a cornstalkwahamą rayagebage rayageverb1suppurate, and the cavity of each pustule gets larger2said of any boil, etc., on the body - it suppurates, and the cavity of the pustule becomes larger, gapes openbagre rayageverb1suppurate, and the cavity of each pustule gets larger2said of any boil, etc., on the body - it suppurates, and the cavity of the pustule becomes larger, gapes openbage rayageverb1suppurate, and the cavity of each pustule gets larger2said of any boil, etc., on the body - it suppurates, and the cavity of the pustule becomes larger, gapes openbagre rayageverb1suppurate, and the cavity of each pustule gets larger2said of any boil, etc., on the body - it suppurates, and the cavity of the pustule becomes larger, gapes openrayuhatransitive verb1peel off the hull or rind with the teeth2pull off the bark from a stick, etc., with the teethura'etransitive verb1crush, as candy, by eating it2eat, as hay, scattering it from place to placeuradowetransitive verbbite and bruise the fleash underneath, without breaking the skinurathweverb1hold back with the mouth2dissuade from walking, going, or fighting
ra-2 1It is prefixed to a large class of verbs and verbal roots, and signifies that the action is done with the mouth, lips, teeth, or tongue - by biting, talking, etc.
ra-2 2It is prefixed to adjectives, and sometimes to nouns, changing them into verbs signifying "to speak of as such," or "to make so with the mouth"
-rarahverbsfx1cause (you cause)2you cause him3you cause her4you cause it5you make him6you make her7you make it8you let-hįnraverbyou cause meyou make meragisdusdą reraverbyou forgive (him/her/it)-waraverbyou cause themyou make themwaragisdusdą reraverbyou forgive themwawaragisdusdą reraverbyou forgive uswoxdaraverbyou love (deep love)you have a deep love for, more than is expressed by grahi-rakiverbsfx1you cause yourself2you make yourself-rawiverbsfx1you-all cause him2you-all cause her3you-all cause it4you-all make him5you-all make her6you-all make it7you-all let-hįnrawiragisdusdą rerawiwaragisdusdą rerawi-warawiwawaragisdusdą rerawi-wawarawi-rakiwiverbsfx1you-all cause yourselves2you-all make yourselves-rakiwiverbsfx1you-all cause yourselves2you-all make yourselves
ra'akirathgathgawerah'-AH-kee-rah-thgah-THGAH-waytransitive verb1make several objects stick together by pressing on them with the teeth, etc.2press together with the mouth, and make the two objects stick together - the opposite of rakirukącfwi'akirathgaweunspec. comp. form ofwi-1akirathgaweunspec. comp. form ofra'akirathgawe
ra'akirathgawerah'-AH-kee-rah-thgah-waytransitive verbmake two objects stick together by pressing them together with the teethDorsey notes that this is the opposite of "rakiruką."cfwi'akirathgaweunspec. comp. form ofwi-1akirathgaweunspec. comp. form ofra-2ki-arathgawera'akirathgathgawetransitive verb1make several objects stick together by pressing on them with the teeth, etc.2press together with the mouth, and make the two objects stick together - the opposite of rakiruką
ra'akiwatagerah'-AH-kee-wah-tah-gaytransitive verb1make two objects stick together by pressing them together with the teeth2press together with the mouth, and make two objects stick together - the opposite of rakirukąDorsey notes that this term is the opposite of "rakiruką."cfwa'akiwatageunspec. comp. form ofwa-2akiwatagewi'akiwatageunspec. comp. form ofwi-1akiwatageunspec. comp. form ofra-2akiwatage
ra'asgerah'-AH-sgayfree variant ofra'asgiunspec. comp. form ofra-2asge
ra'asgirah'-AH-sgeetransitive verb1speak of an object as near, when it is really distant2speak of a person or place as nearfree variantra'asgeunspec. comp. form ofra-2asgi
ra'axerah'-AH-xaytransitive verbmake a single grating sound, as a rat does by biting against any piece of wood or thin metalcfrax'axeunspec. comp. form ofra-2*x'axerax'exeunspec. comp. form ofra-2*x'exeunspec. comp. form ofra-2*'axe
ra'eðerah'-AY-ðayverb1devour2consumecfrax'eðeunspec. comp. form ofra-2unspec. comp. form ofra-2
ra'etarah'-AY-tahtransitive verb1exaggerate2speak of a thing as beyond its real value or as possessing qualities of which it is deficient3speak of a thing as beyond its real value, etc.4say that a horse is swifter than it really iscfradąnraunspec. comp. form ofra-2dąnraru'etaunspec. comp. form ofra-2eta
ra'įrah'-EEⁿverb1succeed in biting, drinking, singing, etc.2succeed in talking, eating, biting, etc.cfbo'įunspec. comp. form ofbo-*'įda'įunspec. comp. form ofda-2*'įru'įunspec. comp. form ofru-*'įwa'įunspec. comp. form ofwa-2*'įwi'įunspec. comp. form ofwi-1*'įunspec. comp. form ofra-2*'įho ra'į skunyitransitive verbspeak in a whisper, as when one has a sore throat, or has lost their voicera'į skunyiverbunsuccessful in eating, drinking, talking, biting, etc.
ra'į skunyirah'-EEⁿ SKOO-nyeeverbunsuccessful in eating, drinking, talking, biting, etc.cfwa'į skunyiunspec. comp. form ofwa'į-skunyiwi'į skunyiunspec. comp. form ofwi'į-skunyiunspec. comp. form ofra'į-skunyi
ra'i'sharah'-EE'-shahtransitive verbmake one laugh by talking to themfree variantra'ik'shacfru'i'shaunspec. comp. form ofru-i'shawa'i'shaunspec. comp. form ofwa-2i'shawi'i'shaunspec. comp. form ofwi-1i'shaunspec. comp. form ofra-2i'sha
ra'idąndąrah'-EE-dahⁿn-dahⁿtransitive verb1tell a different thing2vary a story in telling it again3make a story different in narrating itIch'e isda'idąndasji ke.You tell very different words.cfru'idąndąunspec. comp. form ofru-idąndąunspec. comp. form ofra-2idąndąra'idąndąnąnąngetransitive verbvary the story or speak different words each time that one talks
ra'idąndąnąnąngerah'-EE-dahⁿn-dahⁿ-NAHⁿ-nahⁿng-aytransitive verbvary the story or speak different words each time that one talksunspec. comp. form ofra'idąndąinąnąnąnge1
ra'ik'sharah'-EEK'-shahfree variant ofra'i'shaunspec. comp. form ofra-2ik'sha
ra'ikirubrąrah'-EE-kee-roo-brahⁿtransitive verb1tangle with the mouth or tongue, as in cross-examining a witness2entangle with the tongue, as in cross-eamining3tangle with the teethcfwa'ikirubrąunspec. comp. form ofwa-2ikirubrąwi'ikirubrąunspec. comp. form ofwi-1ikirubrąunspec. comp. form ofra-2ikirubrą
ra'ųra-'OOⁿSecond-Person Singular (you)free variantða'ųunspec. comp. form ofra-1
ra'ųwirah-'OOⁿ-weeSecond-Person Plural (you-all)free variantða'ųwiunspec. comp. form ofra-1-wi
rabrąrah-BRAHⁿverb1give of odor from the mouth2have bad breath, as after eating onions or smokingDorsey notes, "Said of one's breath after eating such food as onions."cfrubrąunspec. comp. form ofru-brąunspec. comp. form ofra-2brą
rabraðerah-BRAH-ðayverb1tear with the mouth2tear clothing by biting, as a dog may docfgibraðeunspec. comp. form ofgi-1*braðewabraðeunspec. comp. form ofwa-2*braðewibraðeunspec. comp. form ofwi-1*braðeunspec. comp. form ofra-2*braðe
rabrathgerah-BRAH-thgayverb1flatten by biting, etc.2flatten an object by biting itcfnąmbrathge2unspec. comp. form ofną- 1brathge 1rubrathgeunspec. comp. form ofru-brathge 1wabrathgeunspec. comp. form ofwa-2brathgewibrathgeunspec. comp. form ofwi-1brathgeunspec. comp. form ofra-2brathge