Otoe-Missouria - English


j


jajahoral question mark (female speaker)Usually optional, this indicates a question.
Jąnjahⁿnproper nounJohnThis is the name John spelled in the Otoe-Missouria orthography.
jąngecontracted variant ofje hąnge
jąnraJAHⁿ-nahfree variant ofdąnra
jareJAH-ray1here it is2this is it3this one4this one is5this is6this is aunspec. comp. form ofje'e1are1jare gų'ųnąthusjare piverbbetter
jare gų'ųnąJAH-ray GOOⁿ'-ooⁿ-nahⁿthuscfare gu'ųunspec. comp. form ofare1gų 'ųunspec. comp. form ofjaregų 'ų-ną
jare piJAH-ray peeverbbetterThis phrase is to be used in comparison with something else. In that comparison, with this phrase saying "this it is - good", expresses the idea that what is being talked about better than what it is being compared to. For example, speaker 1: "Je'e pi ke" (This is good). Speaker 2: "Jare pi ke" (This is better).unspec. comp. form ofjarepi1
jaregiJAH-ray-geenearbyJaregi miną ke/ki.He/she lives nearby.
jarena sųthis day here
jarenyejah-RAY-nyay1here they areSunge nuwe jarenye ke/ki.Here are two horses.2these areunspec. comp. form ofje'e1arenye
je1jeh1oral question mark (male speaker)Rexe iyą asdį je?Have you a bucket?Rihų inų ragri je?Did you come home with your mother?Rihų inų rigri je?Did your mother come home with you?Dagure ra'ų je?What are you doing?2mark of interrogationUsually optional, this indicates a question. Notes that "je/ja" is "considered somewhat demanding and impolite between close friends or relatives; therefore the je is omitted in the polite form. (Wistrand-Robinson)warutą jethis warutą (early autumn)
je2jehcontracted variant ofje'e11this2this near me (demonstrative)3hereMahį je are ke.Here is the knife.Mahį je arenye ke.Here are the knives.banyi jethis wintertąnyi gixrąnye jeduring this present season, when they are going on the fall huntduring this present later autumntąnyi jenounthis autumnthis falljehena1this much or many2this number or quantity3moreWabuthge jehena hagųnda ke.I want more bread.Jehena nuwe hagųnda ke.I want two more.jehenahą1this many times2this often3in this number of ways or placesjehenahąnąnąeachone in this number of ways or placesjehenahąnąnąeachone in this number of ways or placesjehenąnąthis much or many to eachjehenasji1just this much or many2just this number or quantityjehenasjinąnąngajust this number of quantity in or to eachjehenasjithgeabout this number or quantityjehenasjinąnąngajust this number of quantity in or to eachjehenasjithgeabout this number or quantityjehenathge1this size2this largejehenathgenąnąnge1each one this size2each one this largejehenathgenąnąnge1each one this size2each one this largejehenathgesjithis large (said of large objects)jehenathgesji'sų1about this size2about this largejehenathgesjik'sųfree variant ofjehenathgesji'sųjehenathgesjinąnąngeeach one this largejehenathgesji'sų1about this size2about this largejehenathgesjik'sųfree variant ofjehenathgesji'sųjehenathgesjinąnąngeeach one this largejehenawamą1this many times2this often3in this number of ways or placesjehenahą1this many times2this often3in this number of ways or placesjehenahąnąnąeachone in this number of ways or placesjehenahąnąnąeachone in this number of ways or placesjehenąnąthis much or many to eachjehenasji1just this much or many2just this number or quantityjehenasjinąnąngajust this number of quantity in or to eachjehenasjithgeabout this number or quantityjehenasjinąnąngajust this number of quantity in or to eachjehenasjithgeabout this number or quantityjehenathge1this size2this largejehenathgenąnąnge1each one this size2each one this largejehenathgenąnąnge1each one this size2each one this largejehenathgesjithis large (said of large objects)jehenathgesji'sų1about this size2about this largejehenathgesjik'sųfree variant ofjehenathgesji'sųjehenathgesjinąnąngeeach one this largejehenathgesji'sų1about this size2about this largejehenathgesjik'sųfree variant ofjehenathgesji'sųjehenathgesjinąnąngeeach one this largejehenawamą1this many times2this often3in this number of ways or places
je3jehmust have
je4jehjayverb1be in a standing position2be standingcfda1
je5jaybody of water
je6jayjehtransitive verbwear a dress or skirtwajenoundress
je are e'ajeh AH-ray AY'-ahverbsay this to anotherunspec. comp. form ofje'e1 1are1 4e'a
je are e'asay this to another
je are gahedąjeh AH_ray gah-HAY-dahⁿ1by this time (of past)2henceforth3hence forward4from this timecfje gahedąunspec. comp. form ofje'e1gahedąunspec. comp. form ofje'e1are1gahedąje are gahedąthge1about this long2about as long as from this point to that
je are gahedąthgeje AH-ray gah-HAY-dahⁿ-thgay1about this long2about as long as from this point to thatunspec. comp. form ofje are gahedąithge
je arethganą se ejeh AH-ray-THGAH-nahⁿ SAY ay1have thought previously that it was just as one sees him, her, or it2be just as one thought and said - used after seeing the condition of affairs3be just as one said it was - used after seeing the condition of affairscfjethganą se eunspec. comp. form ofjethge-nąse eunspec. comp. form ofje'e1arethganąse e
je arethgejeh AH-ray-thgayverb1to be thus - applied to something which one sits and holds2like this standing inanimate object or collection of inanimate objects3resemble thiscfje darethgeunspec. comp. form ofje'e1dąhaare1ithgeunspec. comp. form ofje'e1 1are1 4ithge 12
je arethge 1to be thus - applied to something which one sits and holds
je arethge 3resemble this
je arethgetąjeh AH-ray-THGAY-tahⁿverb1be somewhat like this2look somewhat like thisJe are irithgetą ke.You resemble this somewhat.For this term, the conjugation is done to the "ithge" portion.ithgetąverblook likebe somewhat likeresemble it a littleare1verb1is2has _______-ed3has been _______-ing4it isThinge are ke/ki.It is a squirrel.hįnre1je are e'aje arethge5it is so6that is it7in that caseAre aanyi hnye nąnje ke/ki.In that case, I will perhaps have it.8have _______-ed9which or who has been previously mentioned or referred to10it is him/her/it11by, withNąwe are 'ų ke/ki.He/she made it by hand.First-Person Singular (I/me)nyi1First-Person Plural (we (3+))hįnyiwiSecond-Person Singular (you)sdįSecond-Person Plural (you-all)sdįwiThird-Person Plural (indefinite)arenyeagri nąha tą enąharenaagri nąha tą hinąharenadąharegaredahąngarehare2hįnyiwi arehnarei are 'ųida'sų areidareige areigųndų areiyą arejareje are gahedąje darethgejegi aremįnrenaharenąngarenąwe are 'ųnų'arerache gųndarerarerirerire sdąngarethgesarese are ese are e'ase arethgesų aresų areginątą agra nąngaretą agraha arenatą agraharetą aguha nąngaretą ara dąharetą ara hąngaretą ara miną nąngaretą ara nąharetą ara nąngaretą araha arenatą hinąnga k'ųndų aretą miną nąngaretą nąngaretą rihi aretanąha arek'shųtanąhare'sųtąnda gri dąharetąnda gri nąharetąnda gri nąngaretąnda nąharetąnda nąngaretąndenąharenathi are 'ųwayereare gu'ų1so2likewise3in like mannerare idąndaat the proper time or season
are idąndaat the proper time or season
are ige areverb1had _______-ed2that is what he/she/it had _______-edare ige aresge1if (subject) had _______-ed2when (subject) had _______-edare ige aresge1if (subject) had _______-ed2when (subject) had _______-edare nąheverbI amare nąhe'sų1focus marker2this oneare skunyiverb1artificial2it is notarechi1because2because of it3thereforeArechi ida hisge ha'ų hnye ke/ki.Therefore when there I will do it.4that's why5so
arechi 3therefore
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
areda1then2at that time3it is thenareda hiadverb1there2that is the place where3on reaching that place (straight ahead)areną1therefore2this being the casearenyeThird-Person Plural (indefinite)are1verbthey (indefinite) areThinge arenye ke/ki.They are squirrels.jarenyearesdą1only one2by oneself3alone4one person, thingaresge1if it be soAresge gasų ke/ki.If it be so, all right.2if (subject) has _______-ed3if (subject) was _______-ing
aresge 1if it be so
aresjiit is he/she the aforesaid onearethgainterrogative variantarethgeverb1is that so?2is it not?3isn't it?arethganąverb1be somewhat like2resemble it a littleje arethganą se earethganą se everb1be just as one thought it was2think something to be just as it is or turns out to bearethganą se everb1be just as one thought it was2think something to be just as it is or turns out to bearethgeverb1be so2be like it3be like that4likeinterrogative variantarethgagahedą arethgeje dąha arethgeje hąngarethgeje nąngarethganyetą hinąharethgetą hinąngarethganyearewiverbthey (definite) aretąnda ahąnga arewi
arewithey (definite) are
are gu'ų1so2likewise3in like mannerare idąndaat the proper time or season
are idąndaat the proper time or season
are ige areverb1had _______-ed2that is what he/she/it had _______-edare ige aresge1if (subject) had _______-ed2when (subject) had _______-edare ige aresge1if (subject) had _______-ed2when (subject) had _______-edare nąheverbI amare nąhe'sų1focus marker2this oneare skunyiverb1artificial2it is notarechi1because2because of it3thereforeArechi ida hisge ha'ų hnye ke/ki.Therefore when there I will do it.4that's why5so
arechi 3therefore
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
arechi idatherefore, for that cause
areda1then2at that time3it is thenareda hiadverb1there2that is the place where3on reaching that place (straight ahead)areną1therefore2this being the casearenyeThird-Person Plural (indefinite)are1verbthey (indefinite) areThinge arenye ke/ki.They are squirrels.jarenyearesdą1only one2by oneself3alone4one person, thingaresge1if it be soAresge gasų ke/ki.If it be so, all right.2if (subject) has _______-ed3if (subject) was _______-ing
aresge 1if it be so
aresjiit is he/she the aforesaid onearethgainterrogative variantarethgeverb1is that so?2is it not?3isn't it?arethganąverb1be somewhat like2resemble it a littleje arethganą se earethganą se everb1be just as one thought it was2think something to be just as it is or turns out to bearethganą se everb1be just as one thought it was2think something to be just as it is or turns out to bearethgeverb1be so2be like it3be like that4likeinterrogative variantarethgagahedą arethgeje dąha arethgeje hąngarethgeje nąngarethganyetą hinąharethgetą hinąngarethganyearewiverbthey (definite) aretąnda ahąnga arewi
arewithey (definite) are
je'e11thisJe'e wogrąnge mįtawe ke.This is my hat.Wogrąnge je'e mįtawe ke.This hat is mine.je are e'aje arethgeje dąhajehejethge2this one near me3these4this, these (near the speaker)5here6this, before oneje2hąhe je'eje hi hąngaje hi nąngajare1here it is2this is it3this one4this one is5this is6this is ajare gų'ųnąthusjare piverbbetterjare gų'ųnąthusjare piverbbetterjarenye1here they areSunge nuwe jarenye ke/ki.Here are two horses.2these areje are gahedą1by this time (of past)2henceforth3hence forward4from this timeje are gahedąthge1about this long2about as long as from this point to thatje are gahedąthge1about this long2about as long as from this point to thatje arethganą se e1have thought previously that it was just as one sees him, her, or it2be just as one thought and said - used after seeing the condition of affairs3be just as one said it was - used after seeing the condition of affairsje dąhadain, by, or near this standing inanimate object or collection of inanimate objects before usje dąhare k'ųntų arefor or on account of this animate object standing before usje darethgelike this standing inanimate object or collection of inanimate objectsje gahedą1by this time (of past)2henceforth3henceforward4from this timeje gąnduxwafacing this wayJe gąnduxwa yą ne.Lie facing this way.je hadąhaverbwe are standing here, by ourselvesje hanąhaverbwe are here, moving, by ourselvesje hąngathis reclining animate or long inanimate object before usje hąngarethgelike this reclining animate object or long inanimate objectje hąngarethgelike this reclining animate object or long inanimate objectje hąnge1here lying2lie down herejąngeje hi dąhathis animate object that went hence, and is standing in sight at a short distanceje hi nąngadaby or near these animate objects who have gone hence, etc.je hinąnga1these who2these persons who3these animals whichje itųat this lengthJe itų giweðe re.Cut it off at this length.je nąhathis moving animate object (before us)je nąhadaby or near this moving animate object (before us)je nąhadaby or near this moving animate object (before us)je nąnga1this standing animate object (before us)2this curvilinear inanimate object (before us)3this curvilinear inanimate object4this (part of a whole)5this (book, paper, garment, land, etc.)je nąnga k'ųntų areon account of this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngada1by or near this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate object2to this curvilinear inanimate object or part3to this land, place, etc.4in, by, beside, or near this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąnga k'ųntų areon account of this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngada1by or near this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate object2to this curvilinear inanimate object or part3to this land, place, etc.4in, by, beside, or near this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąngagiwaby means of or from this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngarethganyelike these (persons or animals before us)je nąngawi1these who2these person who3these animals whichje rahadaby or near this moving animate object (before us) (if walking)je rahagiby or near this moving animate object (before us)je ridaha1these who2these persons who3these animals whichje rihithese scattered inanimate objects (before us)je rihi k'ųntų areon account of these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihidato these (persons or animals before us)je rihidawafrom these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihigiin, by, or near the scattered inanimate objects (before us)je rihi k'ųntų areon account of these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihidato these (persons or animals before us)je rihidawafrom these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihigiin, by, or near the scattered inanimate objects (before us)je uwa reverbgo this way (in the speaker's own footprints, made previously)jegi1hereJegi miną ke/ki.He/she lives here.2right here3thisjegi are1at this time2in this place3here4hitherjegi hanąhaverbwe are here, in motion (but others are here too)jegi hanąngaverbwe are here, sitting (but others are here too)jegi nąngaherejegi are1at this time2in this place3here4hitherjegi hanąhaverbwe are here, in motion (but others are here too)jegi hanąngaverbwe are here, sitting (but others are here too)jegi nąngaherejegų1this2on this sidejesdąthis onlyjare1here it is2this is it3this one4this one is5this is6this is ajare gų'ųnąthusjare piverbbetterjare gų'ųnąthusjare piverbbetterjarenye1here they areSunge nuwe jarenye ke/ki.Here are two horses.2these areje are gahedą1by this time (of past)2henceforth3hence forward4from this timeje are gahedąthge1about this long2about as long as from this point to thatje are gahedąthge1about this long2about as long as from this point to thatje arethganą se e1have thought previously that it was just as one sees him, her, or it2be just as one thought and said - used after seeing the condition of affairs3be just as one said it was - used after seeing the condition of affairsje dąhadain, by, or near this standing inanimate object or collection of inanimate objects before usje dąhare k'ųntų arefor or on account of this animate object standing before usje darethgelike this standing inanimate object or collection of inanimate objectsje gahedą1by this time (of past)2henceforth3henceforward4from this timeje gąnduxwafacing this wayJe gąnduxwa yą ne.Lie facing this way.je hadąhaverbwe are standing here, by ourselvesje hanąhaverbwe are here, moving, by ourselvesje hąngathis reclining animate or long inanimate object before usje hąngarethgelike this reclining animate object or long inanimate objectje hąngarethgelike this reclining animate object or long inanimate objectje hąnge1here lying2lie down herejąngeje hi dąhathis animate object that went hence, and is standing in sight at a short distanceje hi nąngadaby or near these animate objects who have gone hence, etc.je hinąnga1these who2these persons who3these animals whichje itųat this lengthJe itų giweðe re.Cut it off at this length.je nąhathis moving animate object (before us)je nąhadaby or near this moving animate object (before us)je nąhadaby or near this moving animate object (before us)je nąnga1this standing animate object (before us)2this curvilinear inanimate object (before us)3this curvilinear inanimate object4this (part of a whole)5this (book, paper, garment, land, etc.)je nąnga k'ųntų areon account of this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngada1by or near this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate object2to this curvilinear inanimate object or part3to this land, place, etc.4in, by, beside, or near this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąnga k'ųntų areon account of this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngada1by or near this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate object2to this curvilinear inanimate object or part3to this land, place, etc.4in, by, beside, or near this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąngadawafrom this standing animate object or curvilinear inanimate objectje nąngagiwaby means of or from this curvilinear inanimate object, this curvilinear collection of inanimate objects, this place, etc.je nąngarethganyelike these (persons or animals before us)je nąngawi1these who2these person who3these animals whichje rahadaby or near this moving animate object (before us) (if walking)je rahagiby or near this moving animate object (before us)je ridaha1these who2these persons who3these animals whichje rihithese scattered inanimate objects (before us)je rihi k'ųntų areon account of these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihidato these (persons or animals before us)je rihidawafrom these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihigiin, by, or near the scattered inanimate objects (before us)je rihi k'ųntų areon account of these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihidato these (persons or animals before us)je rihidawafrom these scattered inanimate objects before usje rihigiin, by, or near the scattered inanimate objects (before us)je uwa reverbgo this way (in the speaker's own footprints, made previously)jegi1hereJegi miną ke/ki.He/she lives here.2right here3thisjegi are1at this time2in this place3here4hitherjegi hanąhaverbwe are here, in motion (but others are here too)jegi hanąngaverbwe are here, sitting (but others are here too)jegi nąngaherejegi are1at this time2in this place3here4hitherjegi hanąhaverbwe are here, in motion (but others are here too)jegi hanąngaverbwe are here, sitting (but others are here too)jegi nąngaherejegų1this2on this sidejesdąthis only
je arethgetą 1be somewhat like this
je arethgetą 2look somewhat like this
je dąhaJEH dahⁿ-HAH1this standing object2this standing inanimate object or collection of inanimate objects before us3this animate object standing before usunspec. comp. form ofje'e1 1dąhaje dąha arethge1like this standing animate object2like this standing animate object before us
je dąha arethgeJEH dahⁿ-HAH ah-RAY-thgay1like this standing animate object2like this standing animate object before uscfje darethgeunspec. comp. form ofje'e1dąhaare1ithgeunspec. comp. form ofje dąhaarethge
je dąhadaJEH dahⁿ-HAH-dahin, by, or near this standing inanimate object or collection of inanimate objects before usunspec. comp. form ofje'e1dąha-da1