Otoe-Missouria - English


h


ha1hahnoun1skin2hide3thread4cover5envelopehiha1huma hanounelkhideMįnke Haproper nounCoonskinCoon SkinRaccoon Skinsiha shagethiha sagenountoenailnail (on the feet)toeha rixąnjetransitive verbpull out large, as the skin of a deer, elk, buffalo, or beaverha rixąnyefree variant ofha rixąnjeha ruwįtransitive verbstretch a hide by pullinghaxoje1nounsage
ha2hah1hello (female speaker)2thank you3goodbye4ok5all right6assention or agreement
ha3hahcontracted variant ofha'ethat one (invisible)
ha4hahpolite oral imperative marker (female speaker)cfgareho1re1
ha-1hahverbpfxIehe'iFirst-Person Singular (I/me)e'ihagi-verb > ???pfxminesynhegra- 1unspec. comp. form ofhe-gra- 1hegru-unspec. comp. form ofhe-hahe'shįFirst-Person Singular (I/me)he'shįhahuFirst-Person Singular (I/me)hu2hapashiFirst-Person Singular (I/me)washiintransitive verbI danceihach'eintransitive verbI speakihe'auhagweFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ugwewaapagaxeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)wawagaxewe'i2First-Person Singular to Third-Person Plural (I to them)e'icontracted variant ofwehe'itransitive verbI command or tell them to do anythingThis pronoun prefix changes to "he-" if used before "gra."allo. ofhe-allo. ofhe-cfhe-allo. ofha-1iwaajeverbI go from hereI go awayI go away from hereI go from this worldI go thereI go to that placeI go thithersų hanąngeverbdenoting a reversal of past or present state, action, or feeling, of the speakerwaagidusdą rehaverbI forgive themwaanyi hagriverbI brought themwohayugeverbI join themI follow themaadageFirst-Person Singular (I/me)arageverbI closeaaguFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aguaanatheFirst-Person Singular (I/me)anatheverb1I close (door or gate)2I fasten (door or gate)3I secure a field by fastening a gate4I impede the advance or retreat of someone or something5I check the advance or retreat of someone or something6I cut off the advance or retreat of someone or somethingaanyiFirst-Person Singular (I/me)anyiverbI havewaanyiaanyi hagriFirst-Person Singular (I/me)anyi griaxąąndageha'ųFirst-Person Singular (I/me)habotheweFirst-Person Singular (I/me)bothewehadąhafree variant ofhadąheFirst-Person Singular (I/me)dąheverb1I am (while in a standing position)2I was (while in a standing position)hadąheFirst-Person Singular (I/me)dąheverb1I am (while in a standing position)2I was (while in a standing position)hadusdąFirst-Person Singular (I/me)rusdą1verb1I am finished2I am throughhagidusdą rehahagriFirst-Person Singular (I/me)grihahidaFirst-Person Singular (I/me)hiraverbI bathehahijeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)hijehajiFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ruje1waajihakujeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)kujehamąnųnyiFirst-Person Singular (I/me)mąnųnyihamanyiFirst-Person Singular (I/me)manyihaminąFirst-Person Singular (I/me)minąverbI sithanyihąhapathrųFirst-Person Singular to Third-Person Singular (I to him/her/it)wathrųtransitive verbI spit, skewer, etc., itRigipathrų ke/ki.I spitted it for you.hapax'igeverbI bow my head as in prayerhare2verbI amhe'ąFirst-Person Singular (I/me)gi'ąihanąmpiverbI feel goodihapaðoFirst-Person Singular (I/me)irawaðoihareFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ire1verb1I think2I hopeohajįfree variant ofuhajįuhadubrątransitive verbI smell somethinguhajįFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ujįverb1I hit2I strike3I punish4I whipuhayugeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)uyugewaa'ų1intransitive verbI work2transitive verbI made themwaagųnðeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)wagųnðewehe'iFirst-Person Singular to Third-Person Plural (I to them)e'itransitive verbI command or tell them to do anythingwe'i2
ha-2hahpfxwe (3+) (used with the positional "to be" verbs hąnge, nąnge, dąhe, and nąhe)First-Person Plural (we (3+))hahąngehanąheFirst-Person Plural (we (3+))hahąngehanąheje hadąhaverbwe are standing here, by ourselveshanąngaverbwe (3+) are (while in a sitting position)
-ha1hahverbsfx1cause (I cause)2I cause him3I cause her4I cause it5I make him6I make her7I make it8I lethagidusdą rehaverbI forgive (him/her/it)waagidusdą rehaverbI forgive them-wahaverbI cause themI make themwoxdahaverbI love (deep love)I have a deep love for, more than is expressed by grahi-hakiverbsfx1I cause myself2I make myself
-ha2hah1sfxin motion2sfxbe3sfxthe moving animate object, not going on a journey4sfxthe growing inanimate object5sfxthe collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.cf-henąha2free variant ofnąhe1agrahaverbgoing back or going back home (progressive aspect)aguhaverbcoming back (progressive aspect)araha2verbgoing (progressive aspect)jidą jirahathis one back of (me) who has started, and is now in motiontą agraha arenawhere are the few animate objects, near at hand, that are going homeward, and have been mentioned?
-ha2 3the moving animate object, not going on a journey
-ha2 3the moving animate object, not going on a journey
-ha2 3the moving animate object, not going on a journey
-ha2 4the growing inanimate object
-ha2 4the growing inanimate object
-ha2 4the growing inanimate object
-ha2 5the collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.
-ha2 5the collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.
-ha2 5the collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.
1hahⁿshine
2hahⁿadverbof action in past time, not continuing into the presentcfk'a2
2of action in past time, not continuing into the present
-hąhahⁿverbsfx1time2times3times (multiplication)This suffixes attaches to the end of numbers to express the idea of "times". For example, "danyihą" = "3 times". This suffix can also be used for the idea of multiplication in mathematics. For example, "danyihą nuwe" = 3 times 2". Note that multiplication in Otoe-Missouria can also be done by simply placing two numbers together. For example, "sagwe sahma" = 6 times 7".free variant-hųagrį 'yąnkehąagrį 'yąnkihąagrį grerabrįhąeighteen timesagrį iyąnkehąagrį iyąnkihąadjective-verbeleven timesdanyihąthricethree timesdohąfour timesgrebrą agrį 'yąnkehągrebrą agrį 'yąnkihągrebrą agrį grerabrįhąeighteen timesgrebrą agrį iyąnkehągrebrą agrį iyąnkihąeleven timesgrebrą agrį nuhątwelve timesgrebrąhąten timesgrerabrįhąeight timesidohąfourth timeisagwehąsixth timeisahmahąseventh timeithatąhąfifth timeiyąnkihąonceone timejehenahąthis many timesthis oftenin this number of ways or placesnuhątwicetwo timespagrąhąfirst timethe first timesagwehąsix timessahmahąseven timessąnkehąnine timestanąhąhow many times?how often?thatąhąfive timeswidahnąadverbthird timewidanyihąadverbthird timewigrebrąhątenth timewigrerabrįhąeighth timewisagwehąadverbsixth timewisahmahąadverbseventh timewisankehąadverbninth timewithatąhąadverbfifth time
ha rixąnjehah ree-XAHⁿN-jaytransitive verbpull out large, as the skin of a deer, elk, buffalo, or beaverfree variantha rixąnyeunspec. comp. form ofha1ri-2xąnje
ha rixąnyehah ree-XAHⁿ-nyayfree variant ofha rixąnjeunspec. comp. form ofha1ri-2
ha ruwįhah ROO-weeⁿtransitive verbstretch a hide by pullingDorsey notes that this term is "always preceded by the name of the hide."unspec. comp. form ofha1ruwį
ha'eHAH'-eh1that one (invisible/not seen)2that one invisibleha3ha3
hą'egiHAHⁿ'-ay-geehahⁿ'-AY-geehurry
ha'haHAH'-hahboo-hoo (sound of crying)
ha'thigaHAH'-thee-gahnoun1daughter (third born)2daughter (third born +)3youngest born daughterthigathigacfha'thigaingeunspec. comp. form ofha'thigaingehinųmihąha'thigaingenoundaughter (fourth born+)
Ha'thiga ÐiHAH'-thee-gah ðeeproper nounYellow Last Born Daughterunspec. comp. form ofði
ha'thigaingeHAH'-thee-gah-eeng-aynoundaughter (fourth born+)cfha'thigahinųmihąunspec. comp. form ofha'thigainge
ha'ųhah-'OOⁿFirst-Person Singular (I/me)unspec. comp. form ofha-1
ha'ųnkehah-'OOⁿNG-kayadverbwhile
habothewehah-BOH-thay-wayFirst-Person Singular (I/me)botheweunspec. comp. form ofha-1bothewe
Hachi Kithagecontracted variant ofAhe Ahachi Kithage
hadąhahah-DAHⁿ-hahFirst-Person Singular (I/me)dąhefree variant ofhadąheverb1I am (while in a standing position)2I was (while in a standing position)unspec. comp. form ofha-1dąhe