Otoe-Missouria - English


h


ha1hahskinnoununspec. comp. formmįnkehadanyimįnkeherawepahaskahidenounthreadnouncovernounenvelopenouncowhidebuffalo hidepull out large, as the skin of a deer, elk, buffalo, or beaverstretch a hide by pullingsageelkhideliplipsCoonskinCoon SkinRaccoon Skinbark (tree bark)barkdeerskindeer skindeerhidebuckskintoenailnail (on the feet)toe
ha2hahhello (female speaker)thank yougoodbyeokall rightassention or agreement
ha3hahcontracted variant ofha'e
ha4hah
ha-1hahIverbSubject Pronoun Prefix part 1pfxunspec. comp. formehe'ihagi-hahe'shįhahuhapashiihach'eihe'auhagwewaapagaxewe'i2Allomorph Varianthe-hayThis pronoun prefix changes to "he-" if used before "gra."Comparehe-allo. ofha-1I closeI coverI concealI fetch backI close (door or gate)I fasten (door or gate)I secure a field by fastening a gateI impede the advance or retreat of someone or somethingI check the advance or retreat of someone or somethingI cut off the advance or retreat of someone or somethingI haveI bringI broughtI bring backI bring back homeI groanI moanI blow outI am (while in a standing position)I was (while in a standing position)I am (while in a standing position)I was (while in a standing position)I am finishedI am throughI forgive (him/her/it)I return homeI batheI reach a standing positionI eat itI shootI shotI got lostI sitI breatheI spit, skewer, etc., itI bow my head as in prayerI amI carryI feel goodI thinkI hopeI go from hereI go awayI go away from hereI go from this worldI go thereI go to that placeI go thitherI pitydenoting a reversal of past or present state, action, or feeling, of the speakerI smell somethingI hitI strikeI punishI whipI join withI followI workI made themI forgive themI teachI brought themI command or tell them to do anythingI join themI follow them
ha-2hahwe (3+) (used with the positional "to be" verbs hąnge, nąnge, dąhe, and nąhe)pfxFirst-Person Plural Conjugationhahąngehah-HAHⁿNG-ayhanąhehah-NAHⁿ-haywe (3+) are (while in a sitting position)we are standing here, by ourselves
-ha1hahcause (I cause)verbCausative Subject 2sfxI cause himverbCausative Subject 2sfxI cause herverbCausative Subject 2sfxI cause itverbCausative Subject 2sfxI make himverbCausative Subject 2sfxI make herverbCausative Subject 2sfxI make itverbCausative Subject 2sfxI letverbCausative Subject 2sfxI resurrectI forgive (him/her/it)I cause myselfI make myselfI forgive themI cause themI make themI love (deep love)I have a deep love for, more than is expressed by grahi
-ha2hahin motionsfxbesfxthe moving animate object, not going on a journeysfxthe growing inanimate objectsfxthe collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.sfxCompare-henąha2free variant ofnąhe1going back or going back home (progressive aspect)coming back (progressive aspect)going (progressive aspect)this one back of (me) who has started, and is now in motionwhere are the few animate objects, near at hand, that are going homeward, and have been mentioned?
-ha2 3the moving animate object, not going on a journey
-ha2 3the moving animate object, not going on a journey
-ha2 3the moving animate object, not going on a journey
-ha2 4the growing inanimate object
-ha2 4the growing inanimate object
-ha2 4the growing inanimate object
-ha2 5the collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.
-ha2 5the collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.
-ha2 5the collection or class of inanimate objects, as grasses, etc.
1hahⁿshine
2hahⁿof action in past time, not continuing into the presentadverbDorsey uses the example sentence (shown here in the modern orthography), "Swagaxe hą. - You did write then (but you do not write any longer)." Dorsey also notes the masculine form of this term is "k'a."Comparek'a2
2of action in past time, not continuing into the present
-hąhahⁿtimeverbsfxtimesverbsfxtimes (multiplication)verbsfxFree Variant-hųhooⁿThis suffixes attaches to the end of numbers to express the idea of "times". For example, "danyihą" = "3 times". This suffix can also be used for the idea of multiplication in mathematics. For example, "danyihą nuwe" = 3 times 2". Note that multiplication in Otoe-Missouria can also be done by simply placing two numbers together. For example, "sagwe sahma" = 6 times 7".eighteen timeseleven timesthricethree timesfour timeseighteen timeseleven timestwelve timesten timeseight timesfourth timesixth timeseventh timefifth timeonceone timethis many timesthis oftenin this number of ways or placestwicetwo timesfirst timethe first timesix timesseven timesnine timeshow many times?how often?five timesthird timethird timetenth timeeighth timesixth timeseventh timeninth timefifth time
ha rixąnjehah ree-XAHⁿN-jaypull out large, as the skin of a deer, elk, buffalo, or beavertransitive verbunspec. comp. form ofha1ri-2xąnjeFree Variantha rixąnyehah ree-XAHⁿ-nyay
ha rixąnyehah ree-XAHⁿ-nyayunspec. comp. form ofha1ri-2free variant ofha rixąnjeunspec. comp. form ofha1ri-2xąnje
ha ruwįhah ROO-weeⁿstretch a hide by pullingtransitive verbunspec. comp. form ofha1ruwįunspec. comp. form ofru-Dorsey notes that this term is "always preceded by the name of the hide."
ha'eHAH'-ehthat one (invisible/not seen)that one invisibleContracted Variantha3hah
hą'egiHAHⁿ'-ay-geehahⁿ'-AY-geehurry
ha'haHAH'-hahboo-hoo (sound of crying)
ha'thigaHAH'-thee-gahdaughter (third born)noundaughter (third born +)nounyoungest born daughternounContracted VariantthigaTHEE-gahCompareha'thigaingeunspec. comp. form ofha'thigaingehinųmihądaughter (fourth born+)
Ha'thiga ÐiHAH'-thee-gah ðeeYellow Last Born Daughterproper noununspec. comp. form ofðiyellow
ha'thigaingeHAH'-thee-gah-eeng-aydaughter (fourth born+)noununspec. comp. form ofha'thigaingefree variant ofshingeCompareha'thigahinųmihą
ha'ųhah-'OOⁿunspec. comp. form ofha-1First-Person Singular (I/me)
ha'ųnkehah-'OOⁿNG-kaywhileadverb
habothewehah-BOH-thay-wayunspec. comp. form ofha-1botheweunspec. comp. form ofbo-theweFirst-Person Singular (I/me)botheweunspec. comp. form ofbo-thewe
Hachi Kithagecontracted variant ofAhe Ahachi Kithageunspec. comp. form ofaheahadachikiðage
hadąhahah-DAHⁿ-hahI am (while in a standing position)verbI was (while in a standing position)verbunspec. comp. form ofha-1dąheunspec. comp. form of-hefree variant ofhadąheunspec. comp. form ofha-1dąheFirst-Person Singular (I/me)dąheFirst-Person Singular (I/me)dąheunspec. comp. form of-he