Otoe-Missouria - English


a


a1ahfree variant ofe2
a2ahnounarmThis term was found in Dorsey's Dhegiha vocabulary slips. Though he does not say that this term is also an Otoe-Missouria word for "arm", this is used in a name from the 1817 treaty with the Otoe-Missourias (Broken Arm).Mųnje A Threjeproper nounLong Armed Black Bearahu1nounwingAhu SwisjeAhu SwisjemiAhu ThakeAhu TheweAhu XąnjeAhu Xąnjemiwą'shige ahu2nountire3nounwheel4intransitive verbflyną ahuAhu Ðiproper noun1Yellow Wings9.7.1.1Personal names2Yellow Wing9.7.1.1Personal namesahu p'ąmp'ąnjenounrubber tireAhu Toproper noun1Green Wings9.7.1.1Personal names2Blue Wings9.7.1.1Personal namesahunuwenounbicycleAhu Ðiproper noun1Yellow Wings9.7.1.1Personal names2Yellow Wing9.7.1.1Personal namesahu p'ąmp'ąnjenounrubber tireAhu Toproper noun1Green Wings9.7.1.1Personal names2Blue Wings9.7.1.1Personal namesahunuwenounbicycle
a-1ahverbpfx1onabeverbthrow onSecond-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (you to me)ąnrabeakipaverb1meetWakąnda AkipaWakąnda Akipami2meet a person3encounterchexi akipaMąnto Akipaakikipaverb1meet each other2they come together3they meetakikipaverb1meet each other2they come together3they meetamanyiverbwalk onAba AmanyiNyi Amanyimianąxwanyitransitive verbkick one object down on anotherwanąxwanyiwanąxwanyianyitransitive verb1haveSųnkenyi iyą asdį?Do you have a dog?Udwąinge iyą asdį?Do you have a cat?Sųnkenyi nuwe waanyi ke/ki.I have two dogs.Wą'shige sunge iyą anyi ke/ki.The man has a horse.Wą'shige sunge iyą anyi?Does the man have a horse?anyi jidaguranyi2keep3possess4own5treat one in a certain manner6abuse or maltreat someoneFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aanyiFirst-Person Dual (we (2))hąnyiFirst-Person Plural (we (3+))hąnyiwiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)asdįwiThird-Person Plural (definite)anyiwiThird-Person Plural (indefinite)anyinyewanyi2aanyiaanyi hagriaginyiakigranyiakiwaðą anyise anyi grese anyi grise anyi hise anyi huse anyi rewaanyi hagriwanyi2Wanyi Minąwegranyi2wegranyi1woridowe anyi dąhaanyi gitransitive verbreach home (there) with somethinganyi gihitransitive verbcause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gihicause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gihitransitive verbcause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gihicause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gigretransitive verbtake anything homeward, not from the home of the speaker but from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigretake anything homeward, not from the home of the speaker but from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehitransitive verbcause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehicause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehitransitive verbcause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehicause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gretransitive verb1go homeward, taking something2take something homewardanyi grehitransitive verbcause another person, not a relation, to take something homeward from this placeanyi grehitransitive verbcause another person, not a relation, to take something homeward from this placeanyi gri1verbbring2transitive verbbroughtSunge aanyi hagri ke.I brought the horse.Sunge waanyi hagri ke.I brought the horses.3verbbring home4verbbring back home5verbbring something homeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aanyi hagriFirst-Person Singular to Third-Person Plural (I to them)waanyi hagrianyi gutransitive verb1bring2fetch3coming homeward with somethinganyi hitransitive verbarrive there with somethinganyi higragitransitive verbcause a relation to reach there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hihitransitive verbcause one, not a relation to arrive there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hisdą 'ųtransitive verbbe arriving there habitually with somethinganyi higragitransitive verbcause a relation to reach there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hihitransitive verbcause one, not a relation to arrive there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hisdą 'ųtransitive verbbe arriving there habitually with somethinganyi hiretransitive verb1have gone out of sight with anything2have taken anything awayanyi hutransitive verbbe bringing something hither, to this house, not one's homeanyi hugragitransitive verbcause a relation to be bringing something (not their own) to this place (not their home)anyi huhitransitive verbcaue another to be bringing something to this house, not their homeanyi hugragitransitive verbcause a relation to be bringing something (not their own) to this place (not their home)anyi huhitransitive verbcaue another to be bringing something to this house, not their homeanyi ida gritransitive verbreach home (there) with somethinganyi minąverbkeepanyi retransitive verb1takePihi hahda ąnyi ra re.Take me back again.2take away3take something awayanyi sewa gretransitive verbgo hence towards one's home, taking something that is not one's own: said if seen at the time, and pointed out to the person addressed
anyi sewa grego hence towards one's home, taking something that is not one's own: said if seen at the time, and pointed out to the person addressed
anyigragitransitive verbcause a relation to have, keep, or possess anythinganyihitransitive verbcause to have, keep, or possessegrąningenounwidowWasuskanyinounThose who keep the wasuska, the principal dancing society of the Omaha, found also among the Jiwere, Winnebagos, Dakotas, Chippewas, etc.
WasuskanyiThose who keep the wasuska, the principal dancing society of the Omaha, found also among the Jiwere, Winnebagos, Dakotas, Chippewas, etc.
anyi gitransitive verbreach home (there) with somethinganyi gihitransitive verbcause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gihicause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gihitransitive verbcause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gihicause a person, not a relation, to reach home (there) with something
anyi gigretransitive verbtake anything homeward, not from the home of the speaker but from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigretake anything homeward, not from the home of the speaker but from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehitransitive verbcause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehicause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehitransitive verbcause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gigrehicause a person to take something homeward from another place, passing by the home of the speaker
anyi gretransitive verb1go homeward, taking something2take something homewardanyi grehitransitive verbcause another person, not a relation, to take something homeward from this placeanyi grehitransitive verbcause another person, not a relation, to take something homeward from this placeanyi gri1verbbring2transitive verbbroughtSunge aanyi hagri ke.I brought the horse.Sunge waanyi hagri ke.I brought the horses.3verbbring home4verbbring back home5verbbring something homeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aanyi hagriFirst-Person Singular to Third-Person Plural (I to them)waanyi hagrianyi gutransitive verb1bring2fetch3coming homeward with somethinganyi hitransitive verbarrive there with somethinganyi higragitransitive verbcause a relation to reach there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hihitransitive verbcause one, not a relation to arrive there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hisdą 'ųtransitive verbbe arriving there habitually with somethinganyi higragitransitive verbcause a relation to reach there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hihitransitive verbcause one, not a relation to arrive there (not their home) with something (not their own)anyi hisdą 'ųtransitive verbbe arriving there habitually with somethinganyi hiretransitive verb1have gone out of sight with anything2have taken anything awayanyi hutransitive verbbe bringing something hither, to this house, not one's homeanyi hugragitransitive verbcause a relation to be bringing something (not their own) to this place (not their home)anyi huhitransitive verbcaue another to be bringing something to this house, not their homeanyi hugragitransitive verbcause a relation to be bringing something (not their own) to this place (not their home)anyi huhitransitive verbcaue another to be bringing something to this house, not their homeanyi ida gritransitive verbreach home (there) with somethinganyi minąverbkeepanyi retransitive verb1takePihi hahda ąnyi ra re.Take me back again.2take away3take something awayanyi sewa gretransitive verbgo hence towards one's home, taking something that is not one's own: said if seen at the time, and pointed out to the person addressed
anyi sewa grego hence towards one's home, taking something that is not one's own: said if seen at the time, and pointed out to the person addressed
anyigragitransitive verbcause a relation to have, keep, or possess anythinganyihitransitive verbcause to have, keep, or possessegrąningenounwidowWasuskanyinounThose who keep the wasuska, the principal dancing society of the Omaha, found also among the Jiwere, Winnebagos, Dakotas, Chippewas, etc.
WasuskanyiThose who keep the wasuska, the principal dancing society of the Omaha, found also among the Jiwere, Winnebagos, Dakotas, Chippewas, etc.
arujetransitive verbeat onwaruje2arusdątransitive verb1stop on a person, as a chill or fever2left3let an object drop on something4let an object drop on something elseąnrusdąarusdą skunyiverbnot to stop on a person, as a chill or feverarusdą skunyiverbnot to stop on a person, as a chill or feverarusgetransitive verb1untie on2disentangle on3untangle onarusgigetransitive verbwring out on, as clothingarusgijeverb1tie on2bind on3bind up (closed)awagaxetransitive verb1scratch on by hand2scratch on3write onwawagaxeawagrųnjeverb1saw on2saw off an object on anything3saw off an object on anything, as to saw wood on a sawhorse4push off on something5punch off on somethingawax'everb1file on2file an object on anything3sharpen onawibrup'everb1pound an object fine on anything2pound up one object fine on anotherawithrujeverb1squirt water from the mouth on2press a sore and force out the corruption on3press on a sore and force out the corruption on4have the diarrheaaxwanyitransitive verb1fall on someone2fall down on an object3fall on an object from a height - said of what does not extend to the ground
axwanyi 1fall on someone
axwanyi 3fall on an object from a height - said of what does not extend to the ground
akigruxwanyiverbpull down on oneself, as the limb of a treeaxwanyihitransitive verb1cause an object to fall on someone2cause an object (not purposely, but accidentally) to fall on someone
axwanyihi 1cause an object to fall on someone
akigruxwanyiverbpull down on oneself, as the limb of a treeaxwanyihitransitive verb1cause an object to fall on someone2cause an object (not purposely, but accidentally) to fall on someone
axwanyihi 1cause an object to fall on someone
2upon3by4over5with
Wistrand-Robinson classifies this as an "external location" locative prefix and credits Voegelin for that.Nyi Amanyiproper nounHe Who Walks on the WaterWalks on the WaterWalking on the WaterWalking on WaterNyi At'ąweproper nounNodaway Riverjump over riverthigre anayį reverbwalk immediately behind another person and in their footstepsthigre egramanyi reverbwalk on top of the footprints of one of one's own relation or race, made long agothrije arutątransitive verbpull easily or gentlyWakąnda axageverbpray (to the lord of life)wawanąngetransitive verbroll, as a wheelbarrow, over themwawisgigenounwashboardabixaverb1blow on2blow3blow outabobrutransitive verbblow dust on anythingabrathge1nounprairie2nounplain3nounvalley4adjective-verblevel5adjective-verblevel placeabrasgeAbrathge Nayįproper nounStanding On a LevelAbrathge Nayįproper nounStanding On a Levelabrathge yąverblie on one's faceadąweverb1heed2give heed to3pay attention to4attend to5watch6watch on7take care ofadąwenyeThird-Person Plural (indefinite) to Third-Person Singular (they to him/her/it)adąwe1transitive verbthey (indefinite) watch over2sit upadąwenyeThird-Person Plural (indefinite) to Third-Person Singular (they to him/her/it)adąwe1transitive verbthey (indefinite) watch over2sit upagipahatransitive verbcut an object into thin strips or slices for another, on somethingagit'ąagiyąwetransitive verb1pipe dance anyone2dance the pipe dance for any particular personagrąngetransitive verb1place a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves as a foundationsynahadadagrąngeunspec. comp. form ofahadadaagrąnge2place a curvilinear object, a book, paper, piece of calico, etc., on something else, as a foundation3apply externally, as a plaster or poulticeagigrąngeahadadagrąngenaxwą agrąngeaguadjective-verb1fetch back2carry3come or go for any one animate object, or for several inanimate objects, not one's own4go get itFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aaguFirst-Person Dual (we (2))hąnguFirst-Person Plural (we (3+))hąnguwiSecond-Person Singular (you)asguSecond-Person Plural (you-all)asguwiThird-Person Plural (definite)aguwiThird-Person Plural (indefinite)agunye1aaguasguasguwiegraguhąnguhąnguwiwaguagu giverb1reach there (one's home), having gone thither for something not one's own property2reach there, one's home, having gone thither for what is not theirsagu gretransitive verbgo home for something, not their own property
agu grego home for something, not their own property
agu gritransitive verb1have come back for something, not one's own2have come home for something, not one's own
agu gri 1have come back for something, not one's own
agu gri 2have come home for something, not one's own
agu gutransitive verbbe coming home for something, not one's own
agu gube coming home for something, not one's own
agu hitransitive verbgo for someoneagu hireagu huagu ida griverb1reach there (one's home), having gone thither for something not one's own property2reach there, one's home, having gone thither for what is not theirsagu jitransitive verbcome to this place, not one's home, for something, not one's own propertyagu retransitive verbgo for something, not one's own property
agu rego for something, not one's own property
agu sewa greverbgo homeward to you for what is not theirsagunye1Third-Person Plural (indefinite)aguaguwiThird-Person Plural (definite)agu
agu giverb1reach there (one's home), having gone thither for something not one's own property2reach there, one's home, having gone thither for what is not theirsagu gretransitive verbgo home for something, not their own property
agu grego home for something, not their own property
agu gritransitive verb1have come back for something, not one's own2have come home for something, not one's own
agu gri 1have come back for something, not one's own
agu gri 2have come home for something, not one's own
agu gutransitive verbbe coming home for something, not one's own
agu gube coming home for something, not one's own
agu hitransitive verbgo for someoneagu hireagu huagu ida griverb1reach there (one's home), having gone thither for something not one's own property2reach there, one's home, having gone thither for what is not theirsagu jitransitive verbcome to this place, not one's home, for something, not one's own propertyagu retransitive verbgo for something, not one's own property
agu rego for something, not one's own property
agu sewa greverbgo homeward to you for what is not theirsagunye1Third-Person Plural (indefinite)aguaguwiThird-Person Plural (definite)agu
ahada1prepon2prepupon3prepon top of4outsideahada gųahadagųwa huahagigrąngeAhe Ahachi Kithageahada grąngetransitive verbcarry any round object, book, paper, etc., on top of a packahagrąnge
ahada grąngecarry any round object, book, paper, etc., on top of a pack
ahada gretransitive verbcarry any upright object on top of a packahagre
ahada grecarry any upright object on top of a pack
ahada grijehitransitive verbput a standing inanimate object or a collection of inanimate objects back on the object or place where one found it or themahadadaadverb1on the top2on top ofWaaruje ahadada are hnye ke/ki.It will be on top of the table.3on the top ofchi ahadadaon the top of the house4upstairs5above
ahadada 5above
ahadada betransitive verb1throw on2infect3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada be 1throw on
ahadada be 3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada ekirudąsjiprep1directly aboveAhadada ekirudąsji haminą ke.I sit directly above him.synabothdaahadada ekirudąsji miną2directly below
ahadada ekirudąsji 1directly above
ahadada ekirudąsji 2directly below
ahadada nayįintransitive verbstand on any high objectahadada wathigre reverbwalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadada wathigre rewalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadadagrąngetransitive verbplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundationsynagrąnge 1unspec. comp. form ofa-1grąnge2
ahadadagrąngeplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundation
ahadadagretransitive verbplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadagreplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadawaadverbfrom above
ahadadawafrom above
ahadada betransitive verb1throw on2infect3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada be 1throw on
ahadada be 3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada ekirudąsjiprep1directly aboveAhadada ekirudąsji haminą ke.I sit directly above him.synabothdaahadada ekirudąsji miną2directly below
ahadada ekirudąsji 1directly above
ahadada ekirudąsji 2directly below
ahadada nayįintransitive verbstand on any high objectahadada wathigre reverbwalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadada wathigre rewalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadadagrąngetransitive verbplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundationsynagrąnge 1unspec. comp. form ofa-1grąnge2
ahadadagrąngeplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundation
ahadadagretransitive verbplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadagreplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadawaadverbfrom above
ahadadawafrom above
ahadat'ąwetransitive verb1carry a long object across a pack2carry any long object, not one's own, across the top of one's pack or bundle
ahadat'ąwe 1carry a long object across a pack
ahadejegitransitive verbput a standing object or a collection of objects on anything for another
ahadejegiput a standing object or a collection of objects on anything for another
ahadejegragitransitive verbput one's own standing object or collection of objects on anything
ahadejegragiput one's own standing object or collection of objects on anything
ahadejehitransitive verb1put a standing object or a collection of objects on anything2place a standing inanimate object or a collection of inanimate objects on anything
ahadejehi 1put a standing object or a collection of objects on anything
ahadenąnkitransitive verb1put a curvilinear object on anything2place a curvilinear object on another object, as on a table
ahadenąnki 1put a curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąngragitransitive verbput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąngragiput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąnkigitransitive verbput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadenąnkigiput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadenąngragitransitive verbput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąngragiput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąnkigitransitive verbput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadenąnkigiput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadewehitransitive verb1place a long object on anything2place a long inanimate object on another object, as on a box or table
ahadewehi 1place a long object on anything
ahadewegitransitive verbplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegiplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegragitransitive verbplace one's own long object on anything
ahadewegragiplace one's own long object on anything
ahadewegitransitive verbplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegiplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegragitransitive verbplace one's own long object on anything
ahadewegragiplace one's own long object on anything
ahadoweverbbravery, said of a man passing close by a crowd of others, especially when they are his enemies, and in time of battle, to show his bravery
ahadowebravery, said of a man passing close by a crowd of others, especially when they are his enemies, and in time of battle, to show his bravery
ahagrąngecontracted variant ofahada grąngetransitive verbcarry any curvilinear object on top of a pack
ahagrąngecarry any curvilinear object on top of a pack
ahagrąngecarry any curvilinear object on top of a pack
ahagrecontracted variant ofahada gretransitive verbcarry any upright object on top of a packahagigre
ahagrecarry any upright object on top of a pack
ahada grąngetransitive verbcarry any round object, book, paper, etc., on top of a packahagrąnge
ahada grąngecarry any round object, book, paper, etc., on top of a pack
ahada gretransitive verbcarry any upright object on top of a packahagre
ahada grecarry any upright object on top of a pack
ahada grijehitransitive verbput a standing inanimate object or a collection of inanimate objects back on the object or place where one found it or themahadadaadverb1on the top2on top ofWaaruje ahadada are hnye ke/ki.It will be on top of the table.3on the top ofchi ahadadaon the top of the house4upstairs5above
ahadada 5above
ahadada betransitive verb1throw on2infect3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada be 1throw on
ahadada be 3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada ekirudąsjiprep1directly aboveAhadada ekirudąsji haminą ke.I sit directly above him.synabothdaahadada ekirudąsji miną2directly below
ahadada ekirudąsji 1directly above
ahadada ekirudąsji 2directly below
ahadada nayįintransitive verbstand on any high objectahadada wathigre reverbwalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadada wathigre rewalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadadagrąngetransitive verbplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundationsynagrąnge 1unspec. comp. form ofa-1grąnge2
ahadadagrąngeplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundation
ahadadagretransitive verbplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadagreplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadawaadverbfrom above
ahadadawafrom above
ahadada betransitive verb1throw on2infect3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada be 1throw on
ahadada be 3communicate to one, as a disease
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabetransitive verb1throw it on them2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada wabe 1throw it on them
ahadada wabe 2give, as a disease, to them
ahadada ekirudąsjiprep1directly aboveAhadada ekirudąsji haminą ke.I sit directly above him.synabothdaahadada ekirudąsji miną2directly below
ahadada ekirudąsji 1directly above
ahadada ekirudąsji 2directly below
ahadada nayįintransitive verbstand on any high objectahadada wathigre reverbwalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadada wathigre rewalk over a road in the footsteps of those who have gone on some time before
ahadadagrąngetransitive verbplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundationsynagrąnge 1unspec. comp. form ofa-1grąnge2
ahadadagrąngeplace a curvilinear object, a book, calico, paper, etc., on something else which serves for a foundation
ahadadagretransitive verbplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadagreplace a perpendicular inanimate object on something else
ahadadawaadverbfrom above
ahadadawafrom above
ahadat'ąwetransitive verb1carry a long object across a pack2carry any long object, not one's own, across the top of one's pack or bundle
ahadat'ąwe 1carry a long object across a pack
ahadejegitransitive verbput a standing object or a collection of objects on anything for another
ahadejegiput a standing object or a collection of objects on anything for another
ahadejegragitransitive verbput one's own standing object or collection of objects on anything
ahadejegragiput one's own standing object or collection of objects on anything
ahadejehitransitive verb1put a standing object or a collection of objects on anything2place a standing inanimate object or a collection of inanimate objects on anything
ahadejehi 1put a standing object or a collection of objects on anything
ahadenąnkitransitive verb1put a curvilinear object on anything2place a curvilinear object on another object, as on a table
ahadenąnki 1put a curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąngragitransitive verbput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąngragiput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąnkigitransitive verbput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadenąnkigiput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadenąngragitransitive verbput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąngragiput one's own curvilinear object on anything
ahadenąnkigitransitive verbput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadenąnkigiput a curvilinear object on anything for another person
ahadewehitransitive verb1place a long object on anything2place a long inanimate object on another object, as on a box or table
ahadewehi 1place a long object on anything
ahadewegitransitive verbplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegiplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegragitransitive verbplace one's own long object on anything
ahadewegragiplace one's own long object on anything
ahadewegitransitive verbplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegiplace a long object on anything for another
ahadewegragitransitive verbplace one's own long object on anything
ahadewegragiplace one's own long object on anything
ahadoweverbbravery, said of a man passing close by a crowd of others, especially when they are his enemies, and in time of battle, to show his bravery
ahadowebravery, said of a man passing close by a crowd of others, especially when they are his enemies, and in time of battle, to show his bravery
ahagrąngecontracted variant ofahada grąngetransitive verbcarry any curvilinear object on top of a pack
ahagrąngecarry any curvilinear object on top of a pack
ahagrąngecarry any curvilinear object on top of a pack
ahagrecontracted variant ofahada gretransitive verbcarry any upright object on top of a packahagigre
ahagrecarry any upright object on top of a pack
ąhąheFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ahąhe1verb1I benight2I am benightedahąhe1verb1become night on2benightedFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ąhąheSecond-Person Singular (you)arihąhe
ahąhe1 1become night on
ahąhe1 2benighted
ahąhe jigreverbbecome benighted suddenly
ahąhe jigrebecome benighted suddenly
ahąhe jigreverbbecome benighted suddenly
ahąhe jigrebecome benighted suddenly
ahiverb1light on2be on
ahi 1light on
ahi 2be on
aji minąverbcome and sit here at a specified time, and in accordance with a plan
aji minącome and sit here at a specified time, and in accordance with a plan
akąnounpulseakigrux'iverbscratchaminą1nounchair2nounseat3verbsit on4verbrideakiminątransitive verbsit on some animate object (horse, etc.)Aminą P'op'oye Chinaproper noun1Cushing9.7.2Name of a placeaminą threjenoun1bench2couch3long seataminą wahuðenounrocking chairakiminątransitive verbsit on some animate object (horse, etc.)Aminą P'op'oye Chinaproper noun1Cushing9.7.2Name of a placeaminą threjenoun1bench2couch3long seataminą wahuðenounrocking chairanąngetransitive verbrun overanąnthųnjetransitive verbtread on an object lying on the ground, floor, etc.anaxrątransitive verbcover, conceal, hide
anaxrącover, conceal, hide
anaxrą nangrąverb1spy2listenanaxwątransitive verbcover, conceal, hide
anaxwącover, conceal, hide
anayįverb1stand on2tread on3stand by someone elseFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aanayįFirst-Person Dual (we (2))hąnayįFirst-Person Plural (we (3+))hąnayįwiSecond-Person Singular (you)aranayįSecond-Person Plural (you-all)aranayįiwiThird-Person Plural (definite)anayįwiThird-Person Plural (indefinite)anayįnyeFirst-Person Singular to Second-Person Singular (I to you)arinayįFirst-Person Plural to Second-Person Singular (we (3+) to you)hąrinayįwiSecond-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (you to me)ąnranayįThird-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (he/she/it to me)ąnayįaginayįaranayįwanayį
anayį 1stand on
anayį 2tread on
anayį 3stand by someone else
ąnayįThird-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (he/she/it to me)anayįverb1he stands by me2he treads on me3he stands on meąnrabeSecond-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (you to me)abetransitive verbyou throw on meąnranayįSecond-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (you to me)anayįverb1you stand by me2you tread on me3you stand on meanyiyutransitive verbrain on anything
anyiyurain on anything
apaxųtransitive verbthrow something onapuxetransitive verbboilaradątransitive verb1bite hard on (once)2pull a cord with the teetharageverb1close2closedChi'oge arage ke/ki.The door is closed.Wawagaxe arage ke/ki.The book is closed.3cover4cover something5put on6concealFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aadageSecond-Person Singular (you)asdageaadageagirageegragewagiragearaha1verb1adhere2cling to a surfacearaje1transitive verbsing itaraje2transitive verbreadWawagaxe araje re.Read the book.Dagure asdaje?What are you reading/studying?Wawagaxe aadaje hamanyi ke/ki.I have been reading the book (day to day).Wawagaxe aadaje haminą ke/ki.I am reading the book (while sitting).arathrujetransitive verbpress water out of an object and upon anything, with the moutharaxųverbspill water when drinking, by tipping the cup or bowlarihąheSecond-Person Singular (you)ahąhe1verb1you benight2you are benightedarinayįFirst-Person Singular to Second-Person Singular (I to you)anayįverb1I stand by you2I tread on you3I stand on youarixųtransitive verbpull over a cup, bucket, etc., spilling its contents on someonearubruverbplow and throw up a furrow over corn that has sprung uparuch'e1transitive verbgo across2transitive verbcross on3transitive verbcross over4transitive verbgo across by a near way5adverbcrosswise6adverbacross, by a near waymąruch'eną aruch'enąruch'enyi wegruch'eri'aruch'e
aruch'e 4go across by a near way
aruch'e 6across, by a near way
aruch'e retransitive verb1go acrossNawo aruch'e haje ke/ki.I cross the road.2go across by a near way
aruch'e re 2go across by a near way
aruch'e xąnjebroadaruch'edaacross
aruch'e retransitive verb1go acrossNawo aruch'e haje ke/ki.I cross the road.2go across by a near way
aruch'e re 2go across by a near way
aruch'e xąnjebroadaruch'edaacross
aruðiwetransitive verb1cover2cover something3pull open on4pull around in order to cover the tent poles5cover a person with a robe, blanket, shawl, etc.
aruðiwe 3pull open on
aruðiwe 4pull around in order to cover the tent poles
aruðiwe 5cover a person with a robe, blanket, shawl, etc.
aruxetransitive verb1marry himwaruxe2marry (a husband)3marry4take husbandaruxehiverb1let marryaruxehiverb1let marryat'ąwe1verb1jump on2jump over3step over4spring5leap6jumpat'ąwe2transitive verb1put a horizontal object on something else, which serves as a foundation2put a long object on anythingahadat'ąwenaxwą at'ąweawaaðeverb1drive, as a herd of cattle or ponies2drive, as a pony or ox3drive one animal4drive a vehiclewawaaðewawaaðeawadątransitive verbpushawahatransitive verbmake a motion at a personwirujį awaha
awahamake a motion at a person
awahamake a motion at a person
awasdajetransitive verbpushawasduje1transitive verbrub2transitive verbrub on3nounbutter5.2Foodawathgeweverbscrape an object lying on something else by pushing with the handawathrohąverbmake an object slide on something else by pushing or shoving it with the hand or stickawathųnjetransitive verb1mash, step on, push down2squeeze out, mash, push down3press it4hold up5push against an object that is on anything6bear upon with the hand7pinchawaxritransitive verb1smear on2put on, stick something on, spread onawaxrujefree variant ofawasdujeawaxųtransitive verb1pour2pour on3push over a vessel accidentally and empty the contents on a person or the groundagiwaxųawinąngeverb1blow or press on and make revolve in a perpendicular plane, as a wheel or paper windmill; also applicable to a wheel rolled along and passing over anything lying it its way2blow on or press on and make revolve in a perpendicular plane, as a wheel or paper windmill: also, if a person should roll a wheel, sending it off, and it should press on another person as it rolledawisdungeverb1sit, press, lie, or bear softly or easily on anything2sit, press, or bear softly on anything3press on an object in order to soften itawithgawetransitive verb1press on plaster2fill up the places where the plaster has fallen off
awithgawe 1press on plaster
awithgawe 2fill up the places where the plaster has fallen off
awithrohąverbmake an object glide upon anything by pressing itawithųnjetransitive verb1press the hands down upon as in catching a bird or animal2press down as a chair leg on anything
awithųnje 1press the hands down upon as in catching a bird or animal
awithųnje 2press down as a chair leg on anything
awiwąngaraverbbear or press on an object and shove it down upon anythingawixąverbblow on with the mouthawixriverb1press on a sore and cause corruption to ooze out2rub on too much salve at a time3rub much salve on a person or animal4press on soft putty when glazing, or on soft plaster when plasteringaxageverbprayaxemaraverbfrost on any vegetation, fruit, etc., causing it to dieaxujefree variant ofhaxoje3axųnraverbtrickle down on, as tearsayąnoun1bed2lie onwayą2ayą mąnðenounbedspringsAyą Skunyimiproper nounFemale Not Reclining On It9.7.1.1Personal namesayą mąnðenounbedspringsAyą Skunyimiproper nounFemale Not Reclining On It9.7.1.1Personal namesayąweverb1pipe-dance anyone2dance the calumet dance in honor of anyoneayu1verbspread out a number of small objects, as pieces of buffalo meat on a scaffold in order to dry them2transitive verbput onto3nounaltare'iverbcommand or tell one to do anythinge'inyee'iwiehe'iere'iere'iwieri'ihe'ihe'iwiheri'iwiwe'i1wewe'iwewere'iFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ehe'iFirst-Person Dual (we (2))he'iFirst-Person Plural (we (3+))he'iwiSecond-Person Singular (you)ere'iSecond-Person Plural (you-all)ere'iwiThird-Person Plural (definite)e'iwiThird-Person Plural (indefinite)e'inyeFirst-Person Singular to Second-Person Singular (I to you)eri'iFirst-Person Singular to Third-Person Plural (I to them)we'i2wehe'iFirst-Person Plural to Second-Person Singular (we (3+) to you)heri'iwiFirst-Person Plural to Third-Person Plural (we (3+) to them)hįwe'iwiSecond-Person Singular to First-Person Dual (you to us (2))wewere'iSecond-Person Singular to Third-Person Plural (you to them)were'iThird-Person Singular to First-Person Dual (he/she/it to us (2))wewe'iwe'i1Third-Person Plural (indefinite) to First-Person Dual or Plural (they to us)wewe'inyeegra'iwewe'inyeedoverb1settle on (surface)2alight on3lit on4land onThird-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (he/she/it to me)ąndoThird-Person Singular to Second-Person Singular (he/she/it to you)aridoąndoaridoesdųngetransitive verb1hit easily on anythingsynthrije ujįunspec. comp. form ofthrijeujį2hit an object softly3put a blanket on a horse and sit softly on it instead of riding barebackesgetransitive verb1button2tie a knot
esge 1button
esge 2tie a knot
esjąngefree variant ofesdųngeethųnjeverb1hit on and cause pain, said of something heavy falling on a person2nailnąmbrathge ethųnjeexąverb1strike on and glance off2strike and glance off
a-1 1on
a-2ahverbpfx1plural prefix for motion verbsagunye2Third-Person Plural (indefinite)guintransitive verbthey (indefinite) come back2progressive aspect for motion verbsThis prefix is added to the 3rd-person plural conjugations of motion verbs. Verbs such as come, go, arrive, return, etc., use this prefix for the 3rd-person conjugation. For example, the verb "gri" (he returns home) would not be simply "grinye" to say "they return home" as other verbs would conjugate but would be "agrinye." It is also used in a few other cases to indicate plural and not necessarily in the 3rd person. When used to indicate plural on motion verbs in the third-person, it does not have stress, however if it is used on motion verbs to express the progressive aspect, it gains stress.agi'ąnyetransitive verbthey bear or carry something together, by united effortasdąsewiverbyou-all are (while moving)you-all were (while moving)you-all are (sitting)aswąngewiverbyou-all are (while in a lying position)you-all were (while in a lying position)you-all are (lying down)you-all are (recumbant)Mįxe Agrinyeproper nounFebruaryagraverbgoing back or going home (progressive aspect)tą agra hąngarenatą agra nąngatą agraha arenatą agraheagrahaverbgoing back or going back home (progressive aspect)tą agrahareagrahaverbgoing back or going back home (progressive aspect)tą agrahareagri nąha tą enąharenafree variant ofagri nąha tą hinąharenaagri nąha tą hinąharenawhere are they who have come home or back? - refers to those near at hand and to those previously mentioned
agri nąha tą hinąharenawhere are they who have come home or back? - refers to those near at hand and to those previously mentioned
aguhaverbcoming back (progressive aspect)tą aguha nąngaahinyeverbthey (indefinite) arrive thereahiwiverbthey (definite) arrive thereahunye2Third-Person Plural (indefinite)hu2ahuwiThird-Person Plural (definite)hu2ara3verbgoing (progressive aspect)tą ara dąhatą ara hąngatą ara miną nąngatą ara nąhatą ara nąngaaraha2verbgoing (progressive aspect)tą araha arenaaraha2verbgoing (progressive aspect)tą araha arenaaranyeThird-Person Plural (indefinite)re2intransitive verbthey (indefinite) gowashiwe aranyearawiverbthey (definite) goasdąngewiSecond-Person Plural (you-all)nąnge1verb1you-all are (while in a sitting position)2you-all were (while in a sitting position)
a-3ahpfxintensifier for adjective-verbsFor example, "suje" (red) vs "asuje" (very red).
a-4ahverb > verbpfx1for2desire ofThe context of "for" denotes a "desire of" (IE "He is crying for his mother.").
a-5ahverb > ???pfxthey-definite (used with the positional "to be" verbs hąnge, nąnge, dąhe, and nąhe)This prefix has stress when it is the first syllable on a positional "to be" verb.cfhi-ahąngadefinite article, referring to definite plural lying inanimate objectstąnda ahąnga arewi
ahąngadefinite article, referring to definite plural lying inanimate objects
anąheverbthey (definite) are (while moving or in an unknown position)anąngadefinite article, referring to definite plural sitting, standing, lying, or moving animate or inanimate objects
a'thanyiAH'-thah-nyee1along the side2on the opposite side3on the other sideeta'thanyi gųon that sidetori'thanyi gųon this side
aadageAAH-dah-gayFirst-Person Singular (I/me)arageverbI closeunspec. comp. form ofha-1arage
aaguAAH-gooFirst-Person Singular (I/me)aguunspec. comp. form ofha-1agu
aanatheAAH-nah-thayFirst-Person Singular (I/me)anatheverb1I close (door or gate)2I fasten (door or gate)3I secure a field by fastening a gate4I impede the advance or retreat of someone or something5I check the advance or retreat of someone or something6I cut off the advance or retreat of someone or somethingunspec. comp. form ofha-1anathe
aanayįAAH-nah-yeeⁿFirst-Person Singular (I/me)anayįverb1I stand on2I tread on3I stand by someone else
aanyiAAH-nyeeFirst-Person Singular (I/me)anyiverbI haveThe conjugation "ahanyi" becomes "aanyi."unspec. comp. form ofha-1anyiwaanyiverbI have them
aanyi hagriAAH-nyee hah-GREEFirst-Person Singular (I/me)anyi griunspec. comp. form ofha-1anyigri
aataAAH-tahFirst-Person Singular (I/me)ada
Aba AmanyiAH-bah ah-MAH-nyeeproper nounWalking in the SnowAn "h" sound usually appears between the "a" in ba and the first "a" in amanyi during regular speech.unspec. comp. form ofba 1amanyi
abathdąah-BAH-thdahⁿtransitive verbcut off the corn from a cob, or hair from a hide with a knifeunspec. comp. form ofba-
abax'eah-BAHX'-aytransitive verbpeel or skin, as potatoes, with a knifecfabaxeunspec. comp. form ofba-arax'eunspec. comp. form ofra-2unspec. comp. form ofba-
abaxeah-BAH-xaytransitive verbshave off with a knife, as fat from entrailscfabax'eunspec. comp. form ofba-unspec. comp. form ofba-
abeah-BAYverbthrow onSecond-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (you to me)ąnrabeSecond-Person Singular to First-Person Singular (you to me)ąnrabeunspec. comp. form ofa-1 1be2 1
abixaah-BEE-xahverb1blow on2blow3blow outunspec. comp. form ofa-1bixa
abobruah-BOH-brootransitive verbblow dust on anythingunspec. comp. form ofa-1bo-
abothdaah-BOH-thdahprepdirectly aboveWakąnda are abothda wawada miną ke/ki.God sits directly above, seeing us.abothda manyitransitive verbwalk directly above one
abothda manyiwalk directly above one
abothda minątransitive verbsit directly abovesynahadada ekirudąsji minąunspec. comp. form ofahadada ekirudąsji 1miną 1
abothda minąsit directly above
abothda nayįtransitive verbstand directly above one
abothda nayįstand directly above one
Dorsey notes with this term, "Without a qualifying word, it means directly above." This term is not conjugated. To refer to who or what something is directly above, a speaker must use the stand-alone pronouns. For example, "ri'e abothda" (above you), etc. This term can also refer to something being directly above an object. For example, "Waruje abothda haminą ke/ki" (I am sitting directly above the table).cfahadada ekirudąsjiunspec. comp. form ofahadadaekirudą-sjiabothda kujeverbshoot perpendicularly upward
abothda kujeshoot perpendicularly upward
abothdadirectly above
abothda kujeah-BOH-thdah KOO-jayverbshoot perpendicularly upwardDorsey notes for this term "to shoot perpendicularly, upward or downward." The reference to downward is incorrect. This term ONLY refers to shooting straight up.unspec. comp. form ofabothdakuje 1
abothda kujeshoot perpendicularly upward
abothda manyiah-BOH-thdah MAH-nyeetransitive verbwalk directly above onecfabothda minąunspec. comp. form ofabothdaminą 1abothda nayįunspec. comp. form ofabothdanayį 1unspec. comp. form ofabothdamanyi 1
abothda manyiwalk directly above one